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# Advanced Math/Permutations and combinations

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Question
A bag contains 6 red balls, 9 green balls, and 4 yellow balls. Five balls are selected from the bag.

What is the probability of selecting 4 yellow balls?

I do know that the total # of outcome is 11,628
so would the # of yellow balls selected for the bag be 126

Answer
What really matters is that there are 4 balls that are yellow and 6+9 = 15 blocks that are not.
This is a total of 4+15 = 19 balls.

If 4 yellow balls are selected and 1 one ball that is not,
there is only 1 way to select 4 yellow balls and 15 ways to select one of another color.
That makes for a total of 1*15 = 15 ways to get 4 yellow balls.

To select 5 balls our of a total of 19, the number of possibilities is
19!/(5!(19-5)!) = 19*18*17*16*15/(5*4*3*2*1).

It can be seen that 5*3 = 15, and that reduces the problem to 19*18*17*16/(4*2).
Since 4*2 = 8, and 16/8 = 2, that reduces to 19*18*17*2.

Now I know that 19*18 = 342 and 17*2 = 34.
We have 342*34 = 10,260 + 1,368 = 11,628 total outcomes, and I see that was what was given.

The odds of getting 4 yellows in 5 draws is then 15/11,628, which is roughly 0.00129.
In other words, a little more than one tenth of one percent.

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#### Scott A Wilson

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I can answer any question in general math, arithetic, discret math, algebra, box problems, geometry, filling a tank with water, trigonometry, pre-calculus, linear algebra, complex mathematics, probability, statistics, and most of anything else that relates to math. I can also say that I broke 5 minutes for a mile, which is over 12 mph, but is that relevant?

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Experience in the area; I have tutored people in the above areas of mathematics for over two years in AllExperts.com. I have tutored people here and there in mathematics since before I received a BS degree back in 1984. In just two more years, I received an MS degree as well, but more on that later. I tutored at OSU in the math center for all six years I was there. Most students offering assistance were juniors, seniors, or graduate students. I was allowed to tutor as a freshman. I tutored at Mathnasium for well over a year. I worked at The Boeing Company for over 5 years. I received an MS degreee in Mathematics from Oregon State Univeristy. The classes I took were over 100 hours of upper division credits in mathematical courses such as calculus, statistics, probabilty, linear algrebra, powers, linear regression, matrices, and more. I graduated with honors in both my BS and MS degrees. Past/Present Clients: College Students at Oregon State University, various math people since college, over 7,500 people on the PC from the US and rest the world.

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My master's paper was published in the OSU journal. The subject of it was Numerical Analysis used in shock waves and rarefaction fans. It dealt with discontinuities that arose over time. They were solved using the Leap Frog method. That method was used and improvements of it were shown. The improvements were by Enquist-Osher, Godunov, and Lax-Wendroff.

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Master of Science at OSU with high honors in mathematics. Bachelor of Science at OSU with high honors in mathematical sciences. This degree involved mathematics, statistics, and computer science. I also took sophmore level physics and chemistry while I was attending college. On the side I took raquetball, but that's still not relevant.

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I earned high honors in both my BS degree and MS degree from Oregon State. I was in near the top in most of my classes. In several classes in mathematics, I was first. In a class of over 100 students, I was always one of the first ones to complete the test. I graduated with well over 50 credits in upper division mathematics.

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My clients have been students at OSU, people who live nearby, friends with math questions, and several people every day on the PC. I would guess that you are probably going to be one more.

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