Advanced Math/Homeschooling Question
Thank you for taking my question. I am home schooling my son in Calculus, but for the first time, I am having trouble with today's lesson material; I am afraid that I can't teach it properly if I haven't grasped it 100%. I was hoping you could show the answer to the following question and include your steps/processes a bit.
Let f(x) be the function given by f(x)=-x^(2)+4 The graph crosses the y-axis at P(0,4) and the x-axis at Q(2,0). What is an equation for the tangent of the graph of f at point Q (slope-intercept form).
Thank you for your help,
The slope of the function at a point (which is also the slope of the tangent line there) is given by the value of the derivative at that point. For the function f(x) = -x² + 4, the derivative is given by
f'(x) = -2x
and so at the point (2, 0), the slope is
f'(2) = -2(2) = -4
Now, in coordinate geometry the equation of a line with slope m passing through a point (x1, y1) is given by
m = (y - y1) / (x - x1)
So, the equation for the tangent at the point Q is
-4 = (y - 0) / (x - 2)
-4 = y / (x - 2)
y = -4(x - 2)
y = 8 - 4x
If you need anything else do let me know. Goodluck.