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# Aeronautical Engineering/Airfoil Lift-to-Drag Ratio

Question
I have a question about the lift-to-drag ratio of an airplane wing. Say the l/d ratio of an airfoil is 120:1. Is the drag factored on the leading edge of the airfoil? Meaning for every 1lb of force pushing back against the leading edge of the wing, it would generate 120lbs of lift pushing up from the bottom of that wing?

Lift and drag are integrated forces that are the result of pressures acting over the entire aircraft. The total force opposite to the flight direction is drag, and the total force perpendicular to the flight direction is lift. L/D is the ratio of lift to drag. Aerodynamicists often consider wing aerodynamic forces to be acting through the aerodynamic center or wing quarter chord, which is where the pitching moment does not change with angle of attack.

Another way to think of it is that the integrated aerodynamic forces act through the center of pressure. In other words, the vector sum of all the pressures act through one point. On a wing, the center of pressure moves with angle of attack.

For a schematic of these concepts see  https://www.google.com/search?q=aerodynamic+center&client=firefox-a&hs=ahK&rls=org.mozilla:en-US:official&channel=sb&tbm=isch&tbo=u&source=univ&sa=X&ei=3ydVVL3iE5WcygT-nYKoDg&ved=0CDQQsAQ&biw=1384&bih=710

Aeronautical Engineering

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#### Paul Soderman

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Aeronautics, Aerodynamics, Fluid Mechanics, Aeroacoustics, Noise Control, Muffler Design, Wind Tunnel Research.... I know nothing about India - do not ask about schools, jobs, application requirements, career choices, etc. for India. Please, no text message verbiage; I prefer full words in full sentences. Thanks.

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38 years as research engineer at NASA

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AIAA, NASA

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B.S. and M.S. Aeronautical Engineering - U. of Washington, Graduate work Standford U.

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AIAA Associate Fellow (American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics)