Aerospace/Aviation/Cockpit Design.

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QUESTION: Dear Laura

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aircraft
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cockpit
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Jz8UORc-1B4
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=X7m51FeMbY0
http://www.militaryfactory.com/cockpits/
http://www.aviafilms.com/
http://www.pilotfriend.com/training/flight_training/fxd_wing/cockpit.htm
http://aviationknowledge.wikidot.com/aviation:cockpit-airplane
http://www.aopa.org/path/cockpit.ppt

What more innovation or modernization can we do in further Cockpit design ?.

Additional Security Systems viz CCTV Cameras (Able to view Passengers motions), Parachutes etc

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Parachute
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Closed-circuit_television_camera

Do you feel Parachutes could be useful if kept on aircraft board in emergencies ?.

CCTV Cameras must be already installed within the aircraft board.

CCTV Cameras are installed on the aircraft board. The pilot and copilot gets a 360 degree view of passengers moments within the cockpit. Now in case if the pilot, copilot should not get disturbed, the video monitors are kept in the cafeteria - refreshments area for the aircraft crew members.

Parachutes are kept in emergencies for pilot, copilot, crew members, passengers in worst to worst scenarios viz in case of fire taking place because of technical reasons.

Note : Heavy Security measures are already deployed in the airport for checking passengers and their luggage baggage. This is done for extra security when passengers on board.

Awaiting your reply,

Thanks & Regards,
Prashant S Akerkar

ANSWER: Hello,
I can answer parts of your question.
Regarding parachutes, certain types of flight activity and aircraft lend themselves to use of parachutes already. Aerobatic aircraft pilots frequently wear parachutes. Aerobatic aircraft also have doors which can be quickly jettisoned from the cockpit to allow a quick escape. However, if you are asking about the use of parachutes on a commercial aircraft, I do not believe it is either feasible or practical. It would be nearly impossible to open the door of a commercial jetliner in flight to allow people to jump from the airplane. The amount of training that passengers would need to undergo to be able to safely use parachutes would be nearly impossible. Also, the speed at which the airplane would be flying would make it difficult for people to actually escape the airplane. Then there is the problem of keeping them away from getting sucked into the jet engines which take in anything in front of them very quickly.
Regarding CCTV cameras, some commercial jetliners already have CCTV systems installed that allow the flight crew to quickly view certain key areas of the aircraft, specifically the area outside the cockpit and other areas. I am not sure of what aircraft have this specifically, but I know at least that some Boeing 767 aircraft have it installed.
I hope I have answered at least some of your questions.
Sincerely,
Laura Laster

---------- FOLLOW-UP ----------

QUESTION: Dear Laura

Thank you.

I agree on the point "Parachutes will be impractical unless and until the passengers on board are trained to use the equipment".

My thought was in case of technical failures viz engine malfunction, fire etc and in case the pilot do not any time or any place for any emergency plane landing, the last resort would be jumping out of the plane after bringing the plane to a level where the passengers, pilot, copilot and other crew members will jump from the plane with the parachutes.

i.e. One out of One million flights casualty can happen of pilot unable to control the airplane because of technical failures. So i thought of the last resort of jumping out of the airplane.

Sequence of using the parachutes would be :

First : Passengers,
Second : Crew members,
Third : Co Pilot,
Last : Pilot.

You have absolutely a valid point that unless and unless the passengers are not skilled in using parachutes, having parachutes on the board will not add any value.

It maybe impractical to carry parachutes on commercial airplanes because the passengers do not know to operate parachutes. Unless and until they are not trained, it would be of no use.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Air_charter

Do you feel Private Jets i.e. Charter planes hired by Business Leaders could be useful to have parachutes on boards ?.

But here again the Business Leaders have to be trained how to operate Parachutes. Isn't it ?

Awaiting your reply,

Thanks & Regards,
Prashant S Akerkar

Answer
Private jets hired by business leaders or others who can afford it would still be very difficult to successfully jump out of, even with parachutes. The reason I believe this is that 1) these airplanes travel at high speed 2) in the type of emergency requiring a bail out (fire, loss of control) it would be extremely difficult to fly the airplane in a controlled manner so that people could successfully jump out. But you are correct that if someone really wanted to do this, they would have to be trained on use of the parachutes.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/D._B._Cooper Here is an article about a person who did jump from a Boeing 727, but this person did so in attempt to steal money and knew how to operate his parachute. It is still unknown if he survived the jump.
In another example, if you look at airplanes during World War II like the B-17 large four propeller driven airplane, the men on board did have parachutes. However, often when the airplanes were severely damaged, it was very difficult for the men to get to the exit because of the high g-forces pushing them to the floor/ceiling of the airplane as the plane was out of control in many cases.
http://www.greenharbor.com/fffolder/ffallers.html has some very interesting stories about people who survived falling from airplanes WITHOUT parachutes!
Also, I am not sure if you are aware but there is an entire airplane that has a parachute system to save it in dire emergency. It is the Cirrus SR-22 which is a 4 person propeller driven small airplane. http://cirrusaircraft.com/sr22/

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Laura Laster

Expertise

I can help with questions about aviation disasters, aircraft operations especially general aviation and King Air information, aviation safety, and education questions on how to get into an aviation career. I can also answer general aviation questions as I am a commercial multi-engine pilot. I cannot answer questions about flight training or MBA schools in countries other than the USA or provide advice for non-US citizens interested in flight training. I cannot answer questions advising you what school to choose. I have no experience with aeronautical engineering so I cannot answer questions relating to engineering or schooling for aeronautical engineers. PLEASE don't ask me questions about any kind of engineering because it is outside my area of expertise, and I will NOT answer your question. I also cannot help you to choose a master's program for study as I do not have a master's degree in aviation. I cannot help with MBA advice.

Experience

I have been studying aviation disasters through doing my own research and a lot of reading since I was 13 or 14 years old. I am very interested in aviation safety and also am a commercial, multi-engine pilot. I am Director of Flight Operations at a private university working in the flight training department. I also have worked as an operations manager at a small charter airline and was involved in getting the airline certificated under Part 121 rules. I was formerly a flight operations division manager for a company operating a large fleet of King Air aircraft (60) and so I have some business aviation experience as well as having flight instructed for one year after college. My operations manager job frequently involved coordinating international projects for aerial survey clients and hiring qualified pilots to fly aerial survey missions.

Education/Credentials
Bachelor of Science, Aeronautical Science with Flight Management Concentration: LeTourneau University (2004) :: Dispatch Certificate: Sheffield School of Aeronautics (2010) :: Commercial Pilot: Single and Multi Engine Land, Instrument Rating :: Flight Instructor: Single, Multi and Instrument :: Ground Instructor: Basic and Advanced

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