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Affirmative Action/Quotas/Civil Rights/Questions

SubjectDate AskedExpert
Equal Pay for Equal Work10/8/2015Michael Troy
  Q: California Gov. Brown has just signed a bill requiring equal pay for equal work between genders. If ...
  A: Under Federal law it has been illegal for a private employer to discriminate based on sex in paying ...
Fired5/15/2014Michael Troy
  Q: I have to apologize in forward, i probably am asking this specific question in the wrong topic here ...
  A: I have to say up front that I cannot provide specific legal advice in this forum. Your friend would ...
Segregation11/16/2013Michael Troy
  Q: Was there ever a federal lawsuit seeking a desegregation order in the city of Chicago?
  A: Other than for a couple of years during the Civil War, Chicago never had a school system that was ...
Christian Universities and Title VII9/23/2013Michael Troy
  Q: How can Christian Universities legally fire transgender or gay individuals specifically because they ...
  A: Title VII prevents employment discrimination based on race or sex. It says nothing about ...
possible sexual harassment?6/15/2013Michael Troy
  Q: I have a strange question for you and am just looking for your opinion. I am a 43 year old male who ...
  A: First let me say that I cannot provide legal advice in this forum, for that, you would need to speak ...
privacy question / issue6/15/2013John Fuller
  Q: I have a strange question for you and am just looking for your opinion. I am a 43 year old male who ...
  A: For some reason my answer was not sent through the system. It appears that you are in a very ...
Hate Crime Surveillance Laws5/14/2013Michael Troy
  Q: I thank you in advance for answering my question. Is it legal for me to record a hate crime occuring ...
  A: Please note that I an not permitted to provide specific legal advice in this forum. For that, you ...
Parent Refusing Care by African American Nurse2/16/2013Michael Troy
  Q: Does a parent have the right to request that no African American employees give care to their ...
  A: Here is my answer again. The Civil Rights Act of 1964 prevents an employer from discriminating in ...
Parent Refusing Care Based on Race of Nurse2/16/2013Michael Troy
  Q: If a parent refuses to allow any African Americans to provide care to their hospitalized premature ...
  A: The Civil Rights Act of 1964 prevents an employer from discriminating in any way on the basis of ...
Interracial Websites/Organizations8/22/2012Michael Troy
  Q: My wife and I are an adult interracial couple who've been married for about 12 years. We recently ...
  A: The Internet is all about niche markets. The problem is going to be that there are already many ...
question7/6/2012John Fuller
  Q: Good day I wanted to get a better understanding of the women's right and representation view. Women ...
  A: I believe you are asking a question that is sometimes confusing to employers in the United States. ...
Ref: question7/6/2012Michael Troy
  Q: Good day I wanted to get a better understanding of the women's right and representation view. Women ...
  A: Under the Civil Rights Act of 1964 it is illegal in the US to restrict jobs to members of one race ...
Functional Affirmative Action Plans - how do calculations change?2/6/2012John Fuller
  Q: I am trying to understand the difference between a site based AAP and a functional AAP in regards to ...
  A: You post an excellent question. First of all you have to determine if you are going to use either an ...
Grandparents Rights9/30/2011Michael Troy
  Q: The Mother of the Father of my child told both my childs' Father and I we were not permitted at her ...
  A: First, keep in mind that I cannot provide legal advice in this forum. For legal advice on your ...
privacy9/21/2011John Fuller
  Q: my husbands employer has printed pages from his Facebook account and it has our daughter on it.can ...
  A: Unless I misread your question, does your husband have his own Facebook account and you have one as ...
stocking8/24/2011Michael Troy
  Q: Is stocking a crime when they still your identy for blackmailing you while discrimenataton for a ...
  A: Stalking is a crime only if a person repeatedly follows or harasses another person and makes a ...
AF rules7/20/2011John Fuller
  Q: As I understand from US laws, there is a "one-drop-rule" borrowed from the Confederacy, whereby ...
  A: Although society still has a large role in dictating race through such historical and sometimes in ...
law and justice6/30/2011Michael Troy
  Q: between justice and law what comes first?
  A: I suppose that is a matter of personal philosophy. I'm happy to offer my opinion, but please be ...
Discrimination in Art field6/11/2011Michael Troy
  Q: I am a mural artist. The Director of a city art program, publicly announced, at one of my ...
  A: and sorry to hear about your situations. First, let me say that I cannot provide legal advice in ...
[MOLD BUILD] in the bed room & my kids get sick5/27/2011John Fuller
  Q: I live at 4527 31st.st.south apt#102 Arlington,va 22206[PARK SHIRLINGTON APT].In the master bed room ...
  A: I would first contact the health department in your city and file a complaint. You may also contact ...
jury duty4/30/2011Michael Troy
  Q: Is it legal to call someone to jury duty EVERY time they vote? Where I live the Republicans are ...
  A: If the act of voting caused you to be called for jury duty, or even increased you chances, there ...
Equal Employment Opportunity1/31/2011John Fuller
  Q: Perceived or actual Sexual orientation & Gender Identity are not protected by the Equal Employment ...
  A: I truly understand your concern and have been working with this issue for over two decades now. As ...
fair housing1/22/2011Michael Troy
  Q: Mr. Troy, Can you tell me if Fair Housing Laws regarding discrimination against a disability, ...
  A: Different State laws my apply differently, for a definitive opinion, you may want to speak with an ...
illegal alien rights10/29/2010Michael Troy
  Q: Do illegal aliens have a civil right to occupy a dwelling in a country where they are there ...
  A: Property rights of illegal aliens can be somewhat contradictory given different laws and ...
Civil Rights7/6/2010John Fuller
  Q: I was wrongfully terminated in March of this year. I am receiving unemployment. Everytime I think of ...
  A: What you will have to do is to document your condition. This will help establish the when and why ...
Research on discrimination‏5/20/2010John Fuller
  Q: Delphi Panel Report“The evidence we have collected in both surveys and focus groups suggests that ...
  A: I have given lectures on the Y Generation at Johns Hopkins and feel that there are times when people ...
Can I sue for racial or familial discrimination?5/19/2010John Fuller
  Q: Recently I moved into a new complex. Prior to getting in here they gave me hell. My boyfriend and I ...
  A: After reviewing your question, there are several areas of real concern. First, anyone who denies ...
Can I sue for racial or familial discrimination?5/19/2010Michael Troy
  Q: Recently I moved into a new complex. Prior to getting in here they gave me hell. My boyfriend and I ...
  A: and sorry to hear about your situation. The problem with many of these discrimination claims is ...
U.S. Law of the Land3/26/2010John Fuller
  Q: A political science professor in college once said that, when one consents to be a citizen of this ...
  A: Richard, If you are a citizen or become a citizen of the United States, you are bound by the ...
The History of Affirm. Action, and Civil Rights.3/12/2010John Fuller
  Q: I wrote to this site, for its Expert advice. I asked a self-proclaimed "expert" on Affirma. Action, ...
  A: Mike, As I noted in my reply to the All Experts Board, it is not my place to research a list of ...
Patriot Act2/18/2010Michael Troy
  Q: Is the patriot act a good law?
  A: I suppose whether one considers it good law to be a matter of opinion. The law was passed shortly ...
same sex marriage2/4/2010Michael Troy
  Q: Some people want to amend the constitution to ban same-sex marriage. How would an amendment like ...
  A: OK, thanks. There is nothing in the US Constitution as written that speaks to homosexuality, or ...
Ex-Patner - Pass Record12/30/2009John Fuller
  Q: I have been in the Sentri- Trusted program for over 8 years since then i never had a problem. But ...
  A: Although this is not in my area of expertise, it appears that you are a victim of what someone else ...
freedom of speech11/24/2009Michael Troy
  Q: penalizing people who say "bomb jokes"" while at the airport is a violation of freedom of ...
  A: I cannot provide specific legal advice in this forum, but courts have held that government may ...
Renting to Illegal Aliens11/11/2009Michael Troy
  Q: I saw a question you answered in May pertaining to renting to illegal aliens. How does this differ ...
  A: There is no US law that requires landlords to determine the status of possible illegal alien. In ...
ADA versus Affirmative Action10/24/2009Michael Troy
  Q: What are the differences between ADA and Affirmative Action?
  A: The ADA is a specific law designed to give special employment and housing rights to the disabled. ...
"hate Crime"8/19/2009Michael Troy
  Q: About four years ago we experienced a situation in which our neighbors were constantly harassing us ...
  A: Sorry to hear about your situation. Please keep in mind that I cannot provide specific legal advice ...
harassment8/18/2009Michael Troy
  Q: I am a student at a college. Once the instructor suddenly had black marks on her neck, swellings, ...
  A: I cannot comment directly in this forum on whether a specific incident constitutes a violation of ...
1964 civil rights8/6/2009John Fuller
  Q: Regarding the 1964 Civil Rights Act, I am interested in knowing which political party was dominant ...
  A: After going through compromises and changes in the Act which Congress does routinely on just about ...
Affirmative Action7/21/2009Michael Troy
  Q: Respected Sir, I am bit confused about the detailing of the question pls help. 1.Can attirmative ...
  A: Affirmative Action is a vague term used to cover a wide variety of practices. In the sense of being ...

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Affirmative Action/Quotas/Civil Rights

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Michael Troy

Top Expert on this page

Expertise

I will answer questions relating to discrimination law or the 14th Amendment, sexual harassment, etc. I can`t give specific legal advice involving specific cases you might have.

Experience

I have worked as an attorney in this area, including several landmark cases involving racial preferences (such as Hopwood v. Texas, University of Michigan v. Gratz and UM v. Grutter).

Organizations
Former Attorney with the Center for Individual Rights.

Publications
Washington Times
Washington Post

Education/Credentials
JD from University of Michigan Law School

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