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Question
Maria!

I wonder if you could translate this words from Einstein into Latin for me.

"There is no such thing as darkness, only the absence of light"

I don't trust google translate to do it right, but i think you're a professional and i hope you can do it for me!

Thank you in advance!

Best regards // Carl

Answer
Hello,

“There is no such thing as darkness, only the absence of light” can be translated  as follows:

1)“Non exsistit obscuritas, at solum lucis absentia” (nearly literal)
or:
2)“Nihil aliud est obscuritas nisi lucis absentia” (=”Darkness is nothing but the absence of light”).

[See below for grammatical analysis].

Both the translations are correct, of course, and therefore you can use the one you like better.

Best regards,

Maria
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Parsing of “Non exsistit obscuritas, at solum lucis absentia”:

-NON EXSISTIT (NON is the negative adverb while EXSISTIT is the 3rd person singular, present indicative of EXSISTO) = There is no such thing as

-OBSCURITAS (subject, nominative case, 3rd.declension)= darkness

-AT SOLUM (conjunction + adverb) = only

-LUCIS (genitive singular of LUX, 3rd declension) = of light

-ABSENTIA (subject, nominative, 1st.declension) = the absence

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Parsing of “Nihil aliud est obscuritas nisi lucis absentia”:

-NIHIL ALIUD (negative pronoun)  = nothing

-EST (3rd person singular, present indicative of  SUM) = is

-OBSCURITAS  (subject, nominative case, 3rd.declension) = darkness

-NISI  (conjunction) =but

-LUCIS (genitive singular of LUX, 3rd declension) =of light

-ABSENTIA (subject, nominative, 1st.declension)  =the absence

Please note that Latin word order  can be different from English  for Latin is an inflected language where syntactical relationships are indicated by the ending, not by the order of words.

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Maria

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I am an expert in Latin & Ancient Greek Language and I'll be glad to answer any questions concerning this matter.

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Over 25 years teaching experience.

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I received my Ph.D. in Classics (summa cum laude) from Genova University (Italy).

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