Anthropology/Mentality of nomads
Please tell me, what good sources are on the net about the mentality of the nomad vs the mentality of the settler?
I am interested especially in the mentality of the tzigan (gipsy).
The Roma people, an honor society and very tribal, prefer a way of life of a nomad. There are several reasons for this life style. First, as a people they are not "trusted" and are viewed very negatively by the peoples who live a settled way of life. Secondly, their life styles and habits are, in many cases, difficult for the settled peoples to understand. So, in large measure this is a lack of education on the part of both. The Roma are seen as ruthless, thugs, and thieves but this may be in large measure what they have learned to do just to survive in a hostile environment. Amongst themselves, they do not display such behaviors and in those communities that have accepted them, there is little negative fall out.
The Roma are a unique nomadic people in that they travel through a settled social zone. Most nomadic peoples avoid such settled zones except for the purposes of trading with settled peoples. They may range over wide areas that are very sparkly populated by settled peoples. The Tuareg of North Africa are a good example of Nomadic peoples who trade with settled peoples and happily live the nomadic life style with out conflict.
There is a book by Joseph Berland that you may find interesting. Dr. Berland is/was an anthropologist who lived among the Roma for many years studying them for his doctoral dissertation. His insights, understanding and views may help you in your studies.
Birth: Mar. 19, 1940
Death: Jul. 25, 2009
Joe Berland was born and reared in the family's cattle enterprise in the Wallowa Mountains of Northeastern Oregon. He graduated from New Mexico Military Institute, Lewis & Clark College and the University of Manitoba. He was awarded a Ph.D. in Anthropology by the University of Hawaii for his three-year study of early childhood development amongst peripatetic artisans and entertainers (gypsies) in the Punjab of northeast Pakistan. His dissertation was published by Harvard University Press under the title "No Five Fingers Are Alike."