Antique Musical Instruments/JW Pepper Baritone


I have just obtained a JW Pepper & Sons - Perfected - Bb Baritone, 3 piston valves, large upright bell.
First question: how is a Perfected horn different from others of the era.
Second Question: with a serial number of 65438, approximately when was it made.

Thank you very much.

Perfected was just a model name - it had no particular significance.  

Pepper started selling instruments in 1877, and from the beginning.  But with the assistance of Henry Distin, they also added instruments of their own manufacture, to those that they imported.

But, by 1909, they decided to concentrate on other aspects of the music business and discontinued instrument manufacturing.  However, they continued to sell imported instruments until approximately 1920.  

The instrument you have is in that 1909 - 1919 period.  

Antique Musical Instruments

All Answers

Answers by Expert:

Ask Experts


Kenton Scott


Please note: My area is BRASS instruments, not other wind, string or percussion instruments. I will provide information on antique, obscure and out of production BRASS instruments. 1) Please don't ask for evaluations, I'll not provide them on this site. 2) I am often asked very similar questions, so I'd invite you to first check on Much of the information I have garnered about this topic, I have posted on this WEB site.


I perform in several historical bands, have informally researched the area, repair brass instruments, and operate a Forum dedicated to the topic at

B.S. Ed, M.S.

©2017 All rights reserved.