Hello sir

Sir what is the meaning of civilisation.

Hi Shilpa,

Civilization has several meanings depending on time frame and cultural reference.

1) a civilization is An organized cultural entity with a single common language, usually written but not in all cases.  Has a stratified society and a "ruler" of some type.  The Greeks, Egyptians, Romans, Chinese, etc...are ancient examples

2) a civilization is a state in which multiple cultural groups may live but that adhere to a rule of law designed to give all equal ranking.  The USA, the European Union are examples of this type

3) a civilization can be seen as a loose confederation of "states" with a common goal, language, view point or cultural understanding that leads to an affiliation.
The First Nations of Canada, the Iraquois Nation, the Innuate etc... Most in this category are aboriginal peoples but not all.  

I hope this helps  


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Ralph Salier


Archaeologist for the last 30 years. Norh American generalist and Hopwell culture/Red Ocher culture specifically. Lithics Expert and Ground Stone tools.


Past/Present clients
Numerous museums in US and Canada. Several University Anthropology Departments.

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