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Question
Dear Dr Anand

Can Asthma disease happen in Pets viz Dogs, Cats, Horses, Birds, Fishes?
If yes, what are the treatments for the same?

Thanks
Prashant

Answer
Of all companion animals, cats and horses are the most likely to suffer from diseases that are equivalent to, if not exactly the same, as human asthma. In cats, the disease is so similar that veterinarians usually do simply call it feline asthma. Allergic bronchitis is another term you might hear. In horses, the condition is a little different and may go by the name "recurrent airway obstruction (RAO)," "chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)," or "heaves."

The underlying etiology of asthma is more or less the same, no matter what species is involved. Something in the environment irritates the lining of the respiratory tract. The irritant is commonly an allergic trigger, but viruses, cold temperatures, rapid breathing due to exercise, chemicals in the air, etc., can also be to blame. Whatever the reason, the respiratory tract becomes inflamed, cells produce more mucus than normal, and airways become narrower because the muscles that surround them contract.

The symptoms of an asthma flare-up vary depending on its severity and patient individuality. A mild episode might be characterized by a short period of rapid or deep breathing, coughing, and lethargy that resolves on its own. More severe flare-ups are potentially life-threatening and can leave animals literally gasping for breath.

The respiratory organ of fish is the gill. In addition to respiration, the gills also perform functions of acid-base regulation, osmoregulation, and excretion of nitrogenous compounds. Because of their intimate association with the environment, the gills are often the primary target organ of pollutants, poor water quality, infectious disease agents, and noninfectious problems.

Treatments will be based on etiology.

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Dr S Bindu Anand

Expertise

Large and Small Animal Medicine and Surgery, Farm Management,Preventive medicine http://binduanand.webs.com/

Experience

A Senior Veterinary Surgeon with more than 25 years’ experience in the field of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry. Mixed animal Practice that will utilize my skills in medicine and surgery, public health, client relations, and developing relationships within the community, such as humane society

Organizations
Veterinary Consultant with Department of Animal Resources,Ministry of Environment,State of Qatar (Present). Animal Husbandry Department, Government of Kerala, India. Oakland's Park, Gloucestershire, United Kingdom. Severnside Veterinary Center, Gloucestershire, United Kingdom. Saud Bahwan Group, Sultanate of Oman. Trivandrum Regional Co-operative Milk Producers Union,Kerala,India.

Education/Credentials
BVSc & AH (Bachelor of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry) 1990. College of Veterinary & Animal Sciences, Mannuthy, Thrissur, Kerala, India under Kerala Agricultural University. Certificates Of Accomplishments- Equine Nutrition- University of Edinburgh Principles of Public Health-University of California, Irvine. AIDS- Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia. General Environmental Health – EPHOC-Tulane University School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine and the University of Alabama at Birmingham School of Public Health. Food Protection-EPHOC-Tulane University School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine and the University of Alabama at Birmingham School of Public Health. Zoonoses:University of Minnesota-School of Public Health online. Food Safety:University of Minnesota-School of Public Health online. Occupational Safety and Health-EPHOC-Tulane University School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine and the University of Alabama at Birmingham School of Public Health. Rabies Educator Certified -Global Alliance for Rabies Control. Animal Handler & Vaccinator Educator Certified -Global Alliance for Rabies Control. Wildlife Conservation-United for Wildlife

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