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Question
Dear Dr Anand

Do you feel the Lions who are performing in the circus are been given completely on veg food? I.e Milk,Bread,Rice etc?

Thanks
Prashant

Answer
All cats, including lions, are obligate carnivores. they all depend on meat for survival.  
Aside from the fact that cats lack the necessary enzyme to break down plant-based matter, a vegetarian diet will not provide enough of some vitamins, and none at all of several nutrients, necessary for them to grow big and strong.A lion's teeth are designed for tearing off pieces of flesh and swallowing them whole, not chewing vegetation.They will eat plant material on occasion (as will all cats).  Plants, being indigestible, cause an upset stomach and often induce vomiting.  This purges their system of other indigestible matter from their meals including remnants of bones, feathers, and fur - their own (lions get hairballs too), as well as that of their prey. Grass is known to contain folic acid - a essential vitamin for obligate carnivores.  They extract juice from the vegetation which contains the folic acid by chewing on the grass (as opposed to chewing it up).  
Whether domesticated or feral, all felines require and seek out prey that's high in protein and low in fat and carbohydrates - namely meat.

Courtesy: Quora  

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Dr S Bindu Anand

Expertise

Large and Small Animal Medicine and Surgery, Farm Management,Preventive medicine http://binduanand.webs.com/

Experience

A Senior Veterinary Surgeon with more than 25 years’ experience in the field of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry. Mixed animal Practice that will utilize my skills in medicine and surgery, public health, client relations, and developing relationships within the community, such as humane society

Organizations
Veterinary Consultant with Department of Animal Resources,Ministry of Environment,State of Qatar (Present). Animal Husbandry Department, Government of Kerala, India. Oakland's Park, Gloucestershire, United Kingdom. Severnside Veterinary Center, Gloucestershire, United Kingdom. Saud Bahwan Group, Sultanate of Oman. Trivandrum Regional Co-operative Milk Producers Union,Kerala,India.

Education/Credentials
BVSc & AH (Bachelor of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry) 1990. College of Veterinary & Animal Sciences, Mannuthy, Thrissur, Kerala, India under Kerala Agricultural University. Certificates Of Accomplishments- Equine Nutrition- University of Edinburgh Principles of Public Health-University of California, Irvine. AIDS- Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia. General Environmental Health – EPHOC-Tulane University School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine and the University of Alabama at Birmingham School of Public Health. Food Protection-EPHOC-Tulane University School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine and the University of Alabama at Birmingham School of Public Health. Zoonoses:University of Minnesota-School of Public Health online. Food Safety:University of Minnesota-School of Public Health online. Occupational Safety and Health-EPHOC-Tulane University School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine and the University of Alabama at Birmingham School of Public Health. Rabies Educator Certified -Global Alliance for Rabies Control. Animal Handler & Vaccinator Educator Certified -Global Alliance for Rabies Control. Wildlife Conservation-United for Wildlife

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