Mr. Whiting,
  I've heard that, when the universe was forming, there was a fight between matter and anti-matter for power, and matter had just a single extra molecule (or atom. Something of the sort.). Do you think you could explain more to me on this subject?

Hi Anne,
Yes, you are very close. Realize that anti-matter is simply protons with a negative charge
(called anti-protons) and electrons with a positive charge (called positrons).
The "fight" was over endurance... (or staying power), not power, as anti-matter and normal matter combined and re-combined as they annihilated each other, releasing still more energy. Once this phase was over, there was just a slight excess of normal matter remaining after all the annihilations were over.  The main reason that our normal matter won "the fight"... it's thought that normal matter is slightly more stable than anti-matter.  Has to do with various spins, clockwise and counter-clockwise... on the normal protons and electrons, (Yes, they all have a spin too)... but I slept through that class. ;-)
Or another theory states that the Big Bang just happened to produce slightly more matter than
anti-matter... we may never know which is the correct theory.
Clear Skies,
Tom Whiting
Erie, PA  


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Tom Whiting


Astronomy has been my hobby/pasttime for over 50 years.  Currently own 3 telescopes, the largest of which is a 30 inch Newtonian truss Dob that is portable.I taught Astronomy/Meteorology at the University Level for 13 years before retiring in 1995. Being retired and home most of the time, I am able to answer all questions relatively quickly, unless it's a new moon weekend with good observing conditions.  No astrology questions please, or questions about alleged UFO picture identifications.


Experience: Astronomy has been my hobby and study for over 50 years. We currently now own a 30 inch portable telescope (Updated - Pennsylvania`s largest portable telescope). It can be seen on our website at: and also attend several regional starparties during the year, and have been on 5 total solar eclipse expeditions.

Organizations: President, Erie County Mobile Observers Group for over 15 years.

Publications: Wrote the "Over Erie Skies" newspaper article in our local newspaper for 11 years (1975-86).

Education: Masters Degree- Taught at the University level for 13 years. Retired 20 years -USAF Pilot - KC-135 with 180 combat missions;  Also Eagle Scout, Philmont staff 2 Yrs, Order of Arrow Lodge Chief, Ham Radio (inactive).

Awards: two discoveries: The mini-coathanger asterism in Ursa Minor (the little dipper) And the mini-ladle- another asterism in the bowl of Ursa Minor. Clients: Currently President of the ECMOG as mentioned above.

BS  Metallurgical Engineering Grove City College, PAMaster's Degree, Gannon University, Erie, PA Also retired USAF pilot, 20 years.

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