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Bible Studies/pigeons or doves in the bible?

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Question
the Greek word "peristera" in john 2:14 translated pigeons,in john 1:32 translated dove. this difference is in the bible version include Weymouth,god's word and good news version, but in most of other version it translated into the same word "dove". is this word mean pigeon or dove?

Answer
In the King James text, it says that people were selling doves in the temple.  The Greek word is "peristera," which, according to the Strong's Concordance, can be translated as dove or pigeon.  "Peristera" is also used in John 1:32 as "dove." Consider Leviticus 1:14: "If the offering to the Lord is a burnt offering, he is to offer a dove or a young pigeon." (see also Leviticus 14:22, 15:14, Numbers 6:10).  When it came to sacrificial offering, either a dove or pigeon could be used.  Likely, those were who selling doves in the temple (which may, too, have included pigeons) were for offerings.  I think a key to why the Spirit is depicted "like" a dove may be found in Psalm 55: 4-6:  "My heart is in anguish within me; the terrors of death assail me.  Fear and trembling have beset me; horror has overwhelmed me.  I said, 'Oh, that is had the wings of a dove! I would fly away and be at rest--"  Here, a dove represents freedom and liberation, which is what Jesus brings to people.  A reason why "dove" (rather than pigeon) is used is likely because the dove, or what it represents, gives special meaning to the passage.  Joel

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Joel Bjorling

Expertise

I can answer general questions about the Bible and offer guidance in Bible study resources.

Experience

I have education in Bible from Oral Roberts University, as well as an MA from McCormick Theological Seminary. I have written several articles on Bible study topics. I am an ordained, nondenominational minister.

Publications
Articles in journals of the Foundation for Biblical Research, Personal Freedom Outreach, and Restoration Research

Education/Credentials
BA, Oral Roberts University, Behavioral Science (included courses in the Bible and theology) MA, McCormick Theological Seminary Further study, Garrett-Evangelical Theological School Further study, Moody Bible Institute, Christian education

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