Bible Studies/Biblical Creation


Hello Roy:  I have a question that relates to biblical creation.  In am taking a botany class, and they are teaching that different plants adapted to the environment.  For example, they said that long ago, cactus did not have spines, and that the spines "evolved."

I do not believe in evolution. Someone once told me that "adaption" of a species does not contradict with creation. I would like to know if what they are teaching in the class contradicts with creation.  Thanks.

Hello Alicia,

There is a difference between macroevolution and microevolution.  Macroevolution is what most people call evolution, the creation of new life forms.  Microevolution is what you are calling adaptation.  Dogs can be mixed to "create" new breeds but they are still dogs.  If a white carnation and a red carnation are mixed, you can have a pink carnation.  In both these cases, we still have dogs and carnations - these are "kinds" of created things.  You cannot take two different "kinds" (see Genesis 1:11, 12, 21, 24, 25) and create something new.

I am not a biologist (or a botanist) so you may have better insight than I do.  In the case of cactus, there may be attributes that can adapt and, certainly, there can be cactus hybrids (like carnations in the example above).  Whether spines are a part of adaptation or created attributes can be tested.  Can someone take two kinds of cactus and create a new hybrid?  Can an experiment be designed to cause spines to grow on a cactus?  If the answer to either of these questions is "no", then spines are a basic design element of cactus.  Design elements mean there is a Designer.

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Roy Wallen


Using the Bible as my primary source and references in support of it, I am willing to answer questions on subjects from the Old and New Testaments. My faith is based on biblical Christianity and fundamental views from the Bible. I cannot answer questions about specific sects or religious organizations nor can I address religions outside biblical Christianity. As a Christian for over 40 years, I have studied many aspects of the Christian faith. My particular interests are in creation and the natural processes of the world around us and how they fit with the biblical record. I believe that all Scripture is inspired by God. I believe that there are no contradictions in the Bible and that the Bible is complete in telling us as individuals how we should relate to God, Christ, and the Holy Spirit; our purpose on earth; and how we should live. Greek lauguage study has helped me gain additional insight into the New Testament but most of my reference work is done in English and, to a lesser degree, German.


Personal Bible study over the years, lessons delivered in Sunday School settings and messages during organized services, and leading Bible study series have prepared me to be comfortable addressing questions from others.

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Formal study includes Greek language. I am a layman without a theological degree. Training has come from sitting under the ministry of excellent Bible teachers for my entire adult life, personal study, and selected courses. Secular educational background includes an undergraduate engineering degree, graduate work in engineering and business, and advanced courses in business and theology.

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