C++/Divisors program confused?
I want to write a program that finds how many divisors a number has, and displays what those numbers are in the output. For example:
the number 60 has 12 divisors which produce no remainder
How can i set this up?
thank you for your help.
to break up the problem into two smaller subproblems:
problem a. check if a number is the divisor of another number
the modulo operator finds the remainder of division of one number by another.
given two integers, a (the dividend) and n (the divisor), a modulo n (written as a % n in C or C++ ) is the remainder, on division of a by n.
for instance, the expression 7 % 3 would evaluate to 1, while 9 % 3 would evaluate to 0.
checking if a number is a divisor of another number is therefore easy; if a%n == 0, n is a divisor of a.
note: though here, we only need to check if the result is zero on non-zero, it is useful to remember that the modulo operator can be portably used only for non-negative integers.
"the binary % operator yields the remainder from the division of the first expression by the second. .... If both operands are nonnegative then the remainder is nonnegative; if not, the sign of the remainder is implementation-defined".
- ISO/IEC 14882:2003 (the IS for C++) : paragraph 5.6.4
problem b. find all the divisors of a number n:
a trivial logic is:
step 1. check if 2 is a divisor (is n%2 zero?)
step 2. check if 3 is a divisor (is n%3 zero?)
step 3. check if 4 is a divisor (is n%4 zero?)
and so on upto n/2.
the obvious way to do this would be to write a loop; stating with 2 and going upto n/2.
first get this much working correctly.
and then give a thought to 'can i modify this to make it faster?'