Cadillac Repair/1998 Cadillac Seville overheats
we took off the radiator cap added one half water one half coolant ran engine and level stayed same.
overheats. could this be a water pump failure or a thermostat?
where is the thermostat?
can i buy one and put it in? easy fix or not?
Warning--if you overheat one of these aluminum engines, the engine literally melts! If the temp reaches 225 degrees or the hot light comes on, damage is already starting. The result is at minimum a $1,500 head gasket replacement, worse yet, that is the result and not the cause. You will not find a good used engine in a junk yard because they have all been driven hot.
Everyone changes the thermostat and that never seems to be the issue. It is located on the engine end of the upper radiator hose.
At times, there are water pumps that break the internal fins, but these aluminum engines are subject to many different overheating issues. Far too numerous for me to rap off.
The cooling jackets in the engine are small and to give you and idea as to how sensitive these engines are, if the water pump is changed and a small piece of old sealant or gasket is left inside, it will stop circulation and overheat.
I have been dealing with these issues since 1982 when Cadillac first introduced the 4.1 (4100) and these issues go all the way into 2013, on many more makes and models using the aluminum engine. They are lighter than cast iron, get better mileage and have a lot of power, but overheating is the Achilles heel to these engines.
The first thing to do is keep it simple--Warm engine-check the circulation in the radiator. Are the upper and lower radiator hoses equally as warm? Is the top and both sides of the radiator the same warmth? urn on the defroster. Does the engine fan come on? Have the radiator cap checked. For the cooling system to circulate, you need 15 pounds of pressure.
Now, if the engine is warm at the bottom radiator hose and the top hose is easily squeezed and cold, you may consider a thermostat change.
You could also have a restriction in the cooling system that a power flush of the cooling system may free up.
These are not like a cast iron 3.8 where you can drive the car with no fluid in the radiator for 20 miles and have steam rolling from under the hood. I have had to do that on a 225,000 mile Buick, and did absolutely no damage. Your engine in that situation would go about 3 miles and be junk!
Try my suggestions. If you have questions, I will see if I can walk you through the problem. I have fixed many over the Internet before it was too late.
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