Careers: Business/Export Management
Explain the types of Insurance Policies / covers?
B. Explain the types of Insurance Policies / covers?
Life insurance is an insurance coverage that pays out a certain amount of money to the insured or their specified beneficiaries upon a certain event such as death of the individual who is insured. This protection is also offered in a Family takaful plan, a Shariah-based approach to protecting you and your family.
The coverage period for life insurance is usually more than a year. So this requires periodic premium payments, either monthly, quarterly or annually.
The risks that are covered by life insurance are:
Income during retirement
The main products of life insurance include:
Life annuity plan
Medical and health
General insurance is basically an insurance policy that protects you against losses and damages other than those covered by life insurance. For more comprehensive coverage, it is vital for you to know about the risks covered to ensure that you and your family are protected from unforeseen losses.
The coverage period for most general insurance policies and plans is usually one year, whereby premiums are normally paid on a one-time basis.
The risks that are covered by general insurance are:
Property loss, for example, stolen car or burnt house
Liability arising from damage caused by yourself to a third party
Accidental death or injury
The main products of general insurance includes:
Fire/ Houseowners/ Householders insurance
Personal accident insurance
Medical and health insurance
One of the most important types of insurance to have is health insurance. Your good health is what allows you to work and earn money and otherwise enjoy life. If you were to come down with a sickness or have an accident without health insurance you may find yourself unable to receive treatment or even in debt to the hospital.
Thankfully, many employers provide health insurance benefits to full-time and even some part-time employees. If you do not currently have health insurance coverage this is the first place to check as it will generally be the most affordable. If you are married, you may both be able to receive coverage under just one of the employer plans.
If your employer does not offer health insurance or you are self-employed you still need it. While it may not be cheap the fact remains; what do you have if you donít have your health? Even a basic hospital bill without insurance can run into the thousands of dollars. It isnít worth risking financial ruin to save a few bucks on a health insurance premium.
This type of policy is more important if you are married and/or have children. Your life is valuable because it is what allows you to work and earn an income to provide for your family. When you are gone you create an income gap which could put your spouse or children in financial trouble.
Death is hard enough; donít make it even harder by putting your loved ones in a financial jam if the unfortunate does happen. Funerals alone can be expensive and it creates even more stress on the family. At the very least you should have enough to cover basic funeral expenses and provide a cushion for your family, and at most it should provide a stream of income for your family that can replace what is now gone.
If you do not currently have life insurance your best bet is to check with your employer first. Many employers offer a basic life insurance as a benefit and some even allow you to purchase additional coverage at a very affordable rate. Outside of employer plans there are hundreds of insurance companies that can provide the right coverage for you.
One type of policy that for most people that is actually mandatory to have is homeowners insurance when you have a mortgage. If you borrow money from the bank to purchase a home they will require the asset to be insured. For many people this insurance premium is built into the mortgage payment. For many people their home is their greatest asset so it is vital to adequately protect it.
If you rent instead of own, a renters insurance policy is just as important. Your belongings inside the dwelling can add up to a significant amount of money. In the event of a burglary, fire or disaster you should be able to at least have a policy that can cover most of the replacement costs.
Another type of policy that is often required is auto insurance. Most states require by law that you have basic auto insurance. While it may be a law, too many people still drive around without it.
The most common reason to have auto insurance is to cover the replacement of an expensive asset. Like a home, automobiles can be quite expensive and if it gets damaged you want to be able to repair or replace it. But there is more to auto insurance than just covering the car itself.
Most automotive insurance policies cover bodily injury or death of another person in an incident that you are legally responsible. While it generally pays for medical expenses related to the incident it can also cover legal defense costs. You will also generally find medical payment coverage that pays for medical treatment for you and your passengers during an accident regardless of who was at fault.