Careers: Military--Army, Navy, Airforce, Marines, Coast Guard/USMC Officer

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Question
"Hello Mr. Mark Howell we're two guys from Ghana and we want to join the US Army or the USMC, we had a degree from a reputable university back in Ghana, do we qualify to be officers in the
army or marines? And one on us wants to study to be an attorney in one of these organizations is that possible whilst in the regular military.  And if we dont qualify, what do we need to go through to earn that rank. Thank you"

Answer
Wow, what a long answer for such a simple question.

In the U.S. military all lawyers are commissioned officers. Because there is a statutory requirement that only a United States Citizen may become a commissioned officer,, then you    must enter the military as an enlisted man.  Let the military pay your way thru college majoring in law, and then become a lawyer officer.  Almost all legal officers choose this career path because they can become lawyers for free.  Certain non-citizens can enlist in the United States Armed Forces. To be eligible to enlist, a non-citizen must have;

(1) Entered the United States on a permanent residence visa or has an Alien Registration Receipt Card (INS Form 1-551/I-551Ēgreen cardĒ or stamped I-94), and

(2) Established a bona fide residence, and

(3) Established a home of record in the United States.

The visa and/or "green card" must have sufficient time remaining on it (expiration date) to be valid during the entire term on enlistment.  While non-citizens may enlist in the U.S. Military, they are not allowed to reenlist (stay in beyond their first term of service), unless they first become U.S. Citizens. However, there are accelerated citizenship procedures for non-citizens on active duty.  To join any branch of the U.S. Military, (i.e. U.S. Army or U.S. Marines) one must either be a U.S. Citizen, or one must be a legal immigrant, currently living in the United States, with a "green card." The United States Military cannot and will not assist in the immigration process.  To join the U.S. Military, one must legally immigrate first, and then apply to join the military, once they are living in the U.S.

Not all non-citizens may be eligible to enlist. Applicants who have been residents of countries considered hostile to the interests of the United States require a waiver. See al recruiter for the most current list of countries considered hostile to the interests of the United States.

While non-citizens may enlist, they will find their job choices extremely limited.   DOD policy prohibits granting security clearances to non-U.S. Citizens. Therefore, non-Citizens. who enlist in the United States military will be limited to those jobs which do not require a security clearance.  The Marines and the Army calls their enlisted jobs MOSs, or "Military Occupation Specialties."  In the USMC the Legal Career field is Field number  44.  In the USMC it is career field 44, while in the .Army it is career field  47.
In the USMC, the legal service Occupational Field consists of MOS 4421, Legal Services Specialist/Scopist and MOS 4429, Legal Services Reporter.  Personnel in these MOSs provide services required in the operational, managerial, legal administrative, typing, clerical, and courts-martial reporting/transcribing areas necessary for the proper functioning of a legal services support section (LSSS), law center, office of the staff judge advocate, or other agencies/commands in support of a Marine Judge Advocate. Marines entering the OccFld receive MOS 4400, Basic Legal Services Marine. Formal schooling is provided to all Marines entering this Occupational Field (OccFld).
MOS 4421.. Marines may be selected to attend the Legal Services Scopist Course, for follow-on training
.
MOS 4429. Marines assigned MOS 4429 must first attend and complete the Court Reporting Program from the Virginia School of Technology. Marines completing this course of instruction, but not certified as a legal services reporter by t he Commandant of  the Marine Corps (CMC),
Judgec Advocate (JA), may be transferred to a major command to receive additional training. The Marines may then be certified upon request from their command to the CMC (JA). Should a Marine not complete the Court Reporting Program, or not be certified as a legal services reporter by CMC (JA), they will be re-designated to their previous PMOS
.
A Marine requesting a lateral move into MOS 4421 must first receive an interview from a MOS 4421 Legal Services Specialist (Legal Chief), or in the absence of a legal chief, a MOS 4430 Legal Administration Officer, prior to HQMC approving a lateral move request. The interview is mandatory. Once a Marine's request for a lateral move to MOS 4421 has been approved by CMC (JA), basic MOS 4400 is assigned and the Marine is normally ordered TAD to the first available Legal Services Specialist Course at Naval Justice School, Naval Station, Newport, RI. Upon completion of this course, MOS 4421 will be assigned. Selected Marines will receive follow-on training at the Legal Services Scopist Course, also at Naval Justice School. Reservists may be ordered to the Legal Services Specialist Course.

A Marine requesting lateral move into MOS 4429 must first receive an interview from a MOS 4429 Legal Services Reporter (Reporter Chief). or in the absence of a reporter chief. a MOS 4421 Legal Chief, or a MOS 4430 Legal Administration Officer, prior to HQMC approving a lateral move request. The interview is mandatory. Once a Marine's request for lateral move to MOS 4429 has been approved by CMC, basic MOS 4400 with an IMOS of 4429 is assigned and the Marine is ordered PCS to attend the 2-year Court Reporting program at the Virginia School of Technology, Virginia Beach, VA. Upon completion of this course, MOS 4429 will be assigned. Reservists may not be ordered to the Court Reporting Program.

The appropriate command shall initiate action to void the MOS of any Marine in OccFld 44 who receives nonjudicial punishment (NJP) or is convicted by a courts martial or civilian court for any offense involving drugs. Also, action shall be initiated to void the OccFld 44 MOS if convicted by courts-martial or civilian court for any offense involving controlled substances or for any offense involving moral turpitude as defined in the Manual for Courts-Martial, United States, 1984
.
Job Description: The legal services specialist MOS encompasses every facet of legal administration with the exception of courts-martial reporting. General duties involve the legal operational, managerial, clerical, and administrative duties incident to an LSSS, law center, or office of the staff judge advocate. Typical duties include research, preparation and typing of general correspondence, forms, reports, wills, powers of attorney, and other documents dealing with legal and quasi-legal matters; checking all completed work for typographical accuracy; maintaining office correspondence files, directives, and publications; if senior in grade, will act as the legal services chief and senior enlisted advisor directly responsible to the OIC/SJA for the overall assignment. performance, training, counseling, morale, discipline and welfare of all enlisted personnel. The legal services chief is the active liaison between the command dealing with enlisted policy and duty assignments and advisor to the judge advocates with regaId to enlisted instruction and supervision. Selected Marines may attend follow-on training at the Legal Services Scopist Course. Legal services scopists are responsible to assist legal services reporters in the preparation and assembly of typewritten, summarized or verbatim transcripts.

Job Requirements:
(1) Must have a GT score of 100 or higher.
(2) Demonstrate a typing proficiency of 35 words per minute and complete the Legal Services Specialist Course.
(3) Must have received no nonjudicial punishment s or been convicted by courts-martial or civilian court for any offense involving controlled substances, nor convicted by courts-martial or civilian
court for any offense involving moral turpitudeGo to thus web site and they can help you with the specific details.

http://www.marinesenlist.com/join/mini.html?subject=[GooglePPC]MarinesEnlist_MINI_JMC_OBL

Iím surprised you arenít interested in joining the GAF,  They are really a joint military.  .  A  very long tIme ago I worked with  them in Kosovo and Iím particularly impressed by the GAF Navy.  But maybe they donít have the legal system you want.

Me daa si.
Colonel H

Careers: Military--Army, Navy, Airforce, Marines, Coast Guard

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MARK A. HOWELL

Expertise

All military questions, any Service. 30 years experience & two Ph.D.'s. 4 times Base Commander. Worked with Army, Navy, USMC, USCG and several foreign military units. Veteran of Kosovo, Bosnia, Macedonia, Kuwait, Iraq, Afghanistan, and 10 civil wars in Africa.

Experience

Air Force Colonel with 30 years experience. Air Force Base Commander 4 times. Highly decorated.

Organizations
Org of Am Historians, Wild West History Assoc., Disabled American Veterans - Life Member, Am Motorcyclist Assoc. - Life Member, North Am Hunt Club - Life Member, NWTF - Life Member

Publications
Numerous book reviews published in the Journal of American History. Two books submitted for publication. Co-Author of two more. Eisenhower memorial Library (interview with U.S. Presidential chaffeur

Education/Credentials
Ph.D. in military history, Columbus University (Summa Cum Laude) Ph.D. in history, London, England (Summa Cum Laude) Master of Arts degree in history, Marshall University, WV Bachelors degree, double-major in history and mathematics, Salem College, WV Air War College, Maxwell Air Force Base, AL Air Command and Staff College, Maxwell Air Force Base, AL Squadron Officer School, Maxwell Air Force Base, AL

Awards and Honors
Legion of Merit, Defense MSM, 5 Meritous Service Medals,Joint Commendation Medal AF Commendation Medal Army Commendation Joint Achievement Medal AF Achievement Medal Outstanding Volunteer Medal Total of 33 Medals and 43 Ribbons

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