Carnivorous Plants/AF venosa growing dis-coloured pitchers
QUESTION: My 2 AF plants are growing with discolouring pitchers, some come out normal & some come out dis-coloured, I'm in fear I have a pest problem, here are my growing conditions :
Water with distilled
: 4 T8 bulbs 2-3000 k & 2-6400 k, 15hour light cycle, relative humidity 50-60%, 4-1/2 to 5-1/2 inches from the lights, growing in 5:3:2 peat:silica sand:perlite, watering done tray method. Pot is 5 inch square & iv had the plant 6 months in the same pot.
ANSWER: Hello Michael,
There are actually several possible reasons why pitchers come out discolored and dried out/damaged like the ones in your picture.
Pests are a concern, however; if there are no pests on the young leaves, like aphids, scale etc., then it must be a pest that hides during the day or there is another problem altogether.
If there has been a major drop in temperature or humidity recently, it can damage the new leaves of a plant. You have not indicated any such drop, so we are assuming that they have remained stable in both environmental areas.
If any chemicals are being used near the plant, it could be the cause of the issue. (make sure to use fungicides and pesticides that are not soap based).
This brings us to lighting. I have not experienced any such damage to my S. purpurea leaves, however; I have seen similar damage on Nepenthes leaves in the past. It was caused by inadequate light. There simply was not enough intensity of light to maintain pitcher formation in the leaves. For example, I have my Sarracenias indoors under florescent lights like you do; but mine are under 12 T-12 tubes over a foot from the plants and the tubes are cool white. That equates to over 36000 lumens on the plants in a 3 x 4 foot area. Sarracenia purpurea need far more light than virtually any other carnivorous plant. You may need to supplement their light with window light and additional florescent tubes. Go by lumen, not so much by spectrum. Cool white covers the main spectrum of light they need, but they really require intensity of at least 25000 lumens for long term growth. Yes, placing the lights closer helps, but only so far as the base intensity of the lamps allows for. If possible, try growing them outdoors. Sarracenia purpurea are generally zone 4 plants and can handle very cold winters as long as they have moisture and some cover. They winter sometimes for over 4-6 months in some regions as far North as Canada.
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QUESTION: Not a question but the bulbs are 4 feet long, & the 3000k are 2800 lumen & the 6400k are higher I do believe. I'm curious iv been reading if it were scale would I be able to see them ?
Your T-8 tubes are fine, but in greater quantity since total lumens would be less than half what most Sarracenias require. Also, cool white produces less heat and generally a spectrum range wide enough to provide enough color variance for proper plant growth.
T-12 tubes are simply a bit wider than T-8 tubes, but T-8 tubes are becoming quite efficient, packing just as many lumens into a smaller package.
As of now I do not have a method of uploading images into my computer.