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Question
Hello,

In Yoga, strating as a form school, Pranayama or retention of breath precedes concentration, meditation and samadhi.

Are there many type of Pranayama one can practice?

For example the Anapana or watching or counting mentally the breath can be considered pranayama even if there is no forceful retention of breath?

When you practice third eye meditation or visualizations, is it recommended to practice pranayama at the same time?

Answer
1. The elementary kinds of Pranayama-s are performed to purify the system for health. Controlled inhalation, retention & exhalation of breath is ultimately required to succeed in controlling & finally annulling the mind for Samadhi.

2. Pranayama precedes meditation. In meditation, there is only the object or seed of meditation which eventually merges into the subject. No other activity is performed.

ॐ तत् सत्
(That Supreme being is the absolute truth)  

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Dhananjay

Expertise

Questions concerning the practice of 'Brahmacharya' to know the self, & the means required are dealt with here.

Experience

The term 'Yoga' is a derivative of the Samskruth verb 'Yuj' which refers to union. 'Yoga', also called 'Brahma vidy‚' is the eternal dissolution of the individual 'Aham' (Ego) into the Atman (self) for 'Mukti' (liberation). Mere indulgence in '¬sana' or physical postures is not Yoga. ¬sana is only one limb or 'Anga' of Yoga. The eight limbs viz. Yama, Niyama, ¬sana, Pr‚n‚y‚ma, Praty‚h‚ra, Dh‚rana, Dhy‚na and Sam‚dhi are the means to Yoga. Brahmacharya or spiritually based continence is one of the important components of 'Yama'. 'Brahmacharya':- "Brahmani charyathey ithi" - "To surrender one's Ego and go with the will of the Almighty."

Education/Credentials
Bachelors degree in Engineering.

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