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Civil Engineering/Lap length issue due to kicker


I have a Retaining wall whose Reinforcement is fixed on site. the vertical starter bars as per the drawing should have a lap length of 1000 mm with the Main bars , but the drawing does not include the kicker of 150 mm between the base and the stem of the wall. that means there is a shortage of lap length of 150 mm. The lap length now is 850 mm instead of recommended 1000 mm in the drawing. Kindly support me By justifying that this 850 mm lap length would be sufficient by relevant detailing codes or any other standards. Please note that Bar dia = 20 mm , Recommended lap length = 50 times d = 1000 mm

Hi Gul,

So long as there is no bundled rebar and you are using Type 2 (ribbed) rebar, you could justify reducing the lap length to 40 x diameter? You can also carry out a detailed analysis to confirm that this length of anchorage is sufficient.

If there is any problem, you could always supplement the anchorage by some spot welds?

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Arshad Khan


I can answer any questions to do with civil and structural engineering consultancy and construction industry in East Africa and the Middle East, and specifically with the analysis and design of reinforced concrete structures. My particular expertise is in the aseismic design and optimisation of tall buildings.


Employment history: 40 years in Construction and consultancy in the UK, Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda, Ethiopia, Eritrea, South Africa, Somalia, Zambia, Austria, Bahrain, Kuwait, Doha and the U.A.E.

.Fellow of Institution of Structural Engineers (UK) .Fellow of Institution of Civil Engineers(UK) .Member of the Institution of Engineers, Kenya .Registered Engineer, ERB, Kenya .Member of the Architectural Association of Kenya (Engineers Chapter) .Chartered Engineer (UK)

•1984: International Conference on the Art and Practice of Structural Design, London •1994: 3rd Int. Kerensky Conference in Structural Engineering, Singapore •2008: International Conference on High-Rise Towers, Abu Dhabi •2013: IEK International Conference, Kisumu, Kenya

BSc, 1st Class Hons, in Building Engineering, University of Bath, UK MSc in Concrete Structures and Technology, University of London. Diploma of Imperial College, UK.

Awards and Honors
•Science Congress Special Award (for 2-seater Hovercraft - 1968) •Institution of Civil Engineers Award for outstanding performance at Bath University (1975) •Concrete Society Postgraduate study Bursary Award (1976) •Consular Representative for British High Commission, Nairobi. (1995 to 1998) •Examiner for Institution of Civil Engineers Professional Interviews, Nairobi. (1997 to 1998) •Branch Representative in Vienna for PI assessment for Inst. of Struct. Engrs. (1999 to 2010)

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