Classical Music/Umbrella


QUESTION: Hi Marbeth
Im wondering if you can help me with the song "Umbrella" by Rihanna. I need to know..
what instruments are used in the song?
what musical elements?
what is the pace/tempo?
what is the vocal style?
what is the structure of the song (not including rap(bridge,chorus e.g.))
what is the rhyme scheme?
is there any literary devices used?
is there any evocative language used?
is their repetition?
in detail can you explain the message of this song - if possible what every line means?
is there anything else I should know regarding this song.
Thanks for volunteering to do this.
Your help is greatly appreciated

ANSWER: This is a homework question.  I cannot, in good conscience, do your homework for you.  You will -not- find an Expert who will do your work for you, either.

The purpose of education is not primarily learning the material.  The purpose is LEARNING HOW TO LEARN.  Asking someone to learn for you is impossible, therefore.  You must learn how to learn on your own.

Your teacher has given you this assignment, it appears to me, to teach you how to research items to check your facts (what you suspect to be true about this song) and to learn how to find your answers elsewhere.

Asking someone to do your work for you - - or buying essays on line, which is, unfortunately, horribly common - - is not the way for you to learn.

If you do not wish to do your homework, I suggest you quit school and find a job.  Know, however, that without an education you will be fit for very little and will be considered by an employer for somewhat less than that.

Wake up and smell the coffee.  And grow up.  And learn how to say 'thank you' when asking for something.

None of this is what you want to hear.  All of it is what you need to hear.

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more questions..
how do you determine the tempo - this is not part of my homework this so i can work out the pace/ tempo of umbrella?
also what is vocal style? do you have to like eh i dunno?
P.S i did say thankyou
anyway thanks
btw how do i answer other qs or is that too much help?

I must say you responded quite well to my tongue-lashing!  Very mature.  Good for you.



Are you asking which formal musical term would be assigned to the speed of this song?  Not sure I understand the question fully.  From the recording I listened to on YouTube, I would call this "moderato" ("moderate").


vocal style:

This has a lot to do with the type of music and also the vocalist's tone quality.

For example, when Queen Latifa recorded "the 40s classics," her tone would be said to be "smoky."  Deep, smooth.  (I don't remember what's on that album, but youtube for "Smoke Gets in Your Eyes" or "Fever" or "Misty" to get an example of this kind of sound).  If it's hip hop or metal, the vocal style is likely to be "raw," with lots of sounds from the throat that make the listener cringe, thinking how much it must hurt the throat to do that.

In this song, her tone quality is straight-forward, no strained-throat sounds.  It's a tone quality that would be appealing to everyone.  Neutral.  The words and the music are what would differentiate it for listeners - would a granny like it?  what about a 4 year-old? - not the "color" of her voice.  (Incidentally, I hope she gets the gumption to leave the abuser....what a shame; she's such a great singer and doesn't need that guy beating her!)


I will be happy to help you with some of your questions.  But I don't want to do your assignment!


I stand corrected.  You DID say 'thank you.'  My apologies.

Classical Music

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Martha Beth Lewis


I have a PhD in musicology, with expertise in medieval - Renaissance - Baroque - Classical periods, but I'll try to help you with any period.

>>*****IMPORTANT NOTE*****<<: I do not answer questions marked "private." I don't want to type the same thing to someone else later if I typed it to you already! If you mark your request "private," I will send it back to you requesting you to remove the "private" flag. Thanks for your understanding. Remember, I'm a volunteer.

My answers are not toss-offs. If I don't know the answer, I will do my best to find it.

I have many requests to identify a piece of music. If I can't identify it, I will tell you (1) what composer I think it is; (2) what composer or composers I think it is not; (3) what style period, genre, etc. I think it is or is not. And give you any other help I can to help you find the answer.

Please find a clear clip. In the interest of good computer hygiene, I will not download a clip. Nor will I go to a site where I must "register" in order to hear the clip. Please mount the clip on a public site for which you can give me a direct URL. Thanks for your understanding in this. Remember, I'm a volunteer!

Students, I do NOT do homework questions. The purpose of answering questions on assignments is not only to learn the information, but to LEARN HOW TO FIND IT. Re-read chapter. Look in the index. Look in the references given at the end of the chapter or elsewhere in the book. You also probably can find the answer using Google. Don't be lazy. I wouldn't be doing you any favors by doing your homework for you! I already know the answer. You don't. You need to find it. MORE IMPORTANTLY, you need to learn HOW to find it. That's the whole purpose of education, after all!


I ask that you >>COME BACK TO READ MY RESPONSE<<. I've taken time to write the best response I can, so you should come back to read it! It's disheartening to respond to a question, only to see later that the person has not bothered to come back. Remember: I'm a volunteer!

I am happy to help you - that's why I volunteered - but please remember I *am* a volunteer and extend me normal courtesies, such as no multiple submissions and not bothering to come back for your answer. mb

If you submit a question to other Experts or the pool, I'd appreciate it if you would >>NOT<< submit it to me, also. It's like asking several people out on a date and choosing among those who said yes! This implies my time and particular expertise are worth nothing to you. I want to spend my time responding to those who find my qualifications germane to their question. Remember: I'm a volunteer!

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