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Construction Law/Limitation of Liability

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Question
QUESTION: Dear Florin

According to the Sub-Clause 17.6, under 1999 FIDIC Red Book, if the Contractor's liability was exceeded the sum stated under this Sub-Clause, how the Employer recover this balance amount.

ANSWER: Hello Sudantha


Welcome back, thank you for your new question.

Sub-Clause 17.6 is quite clear: "The total liability of the Contractor to the Employer, under or in connection with the Contract other than under Sub-Clause 4.19 [Electricity, Water and Gas], Sub-Clause 4.20 [Employer's Equipment and Free-Issue Material], Sub-Clause 17.1 [Indemnities] and Sub-Clause 17.5 [Intellectual and Industrial Property Rights], shall not exceed the sum stated in the Particular Conditions or (if a sum is not so stated) the Accepted Contract Amount."

A liability limit seems to be indicated in your Contract, hence that lit shall not be exceeded, regardless size of eventual losses of the Employer.

Trust that clarifies the matter.

---------- FOLLOW-UP ----------

QUESTION: Dear Florin

That means if the liability is more than as stated in the Sub-Clause 17.6, then the Employer has to bear that loss.

Please confirm.

Answer
Dear Sudantha,


You probably mean "if the LIMIT OF liability is LESS THAN INCURRED LOSS, THEN THE EMPLOYER HAS TO BEAR THE DIFFERENCE".

And the answer is "Yes". The Employer bears the risk for any loss that exceeds the liability limit included in the Contract, or if no such limit, any loss that exceeds the Accepted Contract Amount.

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Florin NICULESCU

Expertise

Questions related to Civil Engineering Contracts, using FIDIC or other Conditions of Contract, concerning Procurement procedures and documents (pre-qualification, tendering and contracting) and Services/ Works Contracts implementation matters including Determinations, Payments, Time Extensions, VOs, Claims/Disputes. Additionally, questions related to dealing with International Financing Institutions. Can also answer questions in Romanian. Can not answer improperly formulated questions.

Experience

Over 20 years of experience in the field of design, works supervision, construction, management of aid funds and technical assistance for various types of contracts implementation, including severe conflictual contractual situations leading to Claims and disputes. Claims/ Contract management, Disputes adjudication, Arbitration.

Organizations
Member of Romanian Professional Association of Roads and Bridges; Listed on President's List of Adjudicators of Romanian Association of Consulting Engineers www.aric.org Former member of the Disputes Resolution Board Foundation (DRBF) of United States – nominee on DRBF President’s Disputes Board Members List www.drb.org and of DRBF Chapter for Eastern Europe http://dabdrb.googlepages.com Former member of Polish Association of Consulting Engineers (SIDiR) – nominee on SIDiR President’s Disputes Board Members National List http://www.sidir.pl/sidir/index.php?action=czlonkowie&a2=r Member of “AllExperts.com” volunteers pool http://www.allexperts.com/user.cgi?m=4&expID=85358&catID=914 Member of the "Constructions Disputes Resolution Services” International Panel of Construction ADR Specialists" of United States www.constructiondisputes-cdrs.com

Education/Credentials
- Graduate in 1994 the Construction Institute - Graduate of several FIDIC,Procurement and other courses - Graduate of first Disputes Board Members Mentoring Scheme (http://www1.fidic.org/resources/adjudicators/pupilage.html) - FIDIC Accredited Adjudicator

Past/Present Clients
- Several State organisations/Ministries , such as Ministry of Transport, National Admistration of Roads, Ministry of Regional Development (former Ministry of European Integration), Public Works and Housing, Central Contracting and Financing Unit in Romania and also in Turkey, Croatia and Macedonia - Numerous Western based private consultancy companies - full CV and other relevant information available at www.abinitio.ro

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