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Cricket/Law 1 : The players And Law 2: Substitue


Respected Sir ,

After studying the laws( 1 and 2) my 1st impression/interpretation is that.


(1) the Substitute for a player - ( in which opposing caption has no say ) &
(2) replacement for the nominated player - ( in which umpires have no say)

are the two different things.

The (1)st contains some restrictions on the role of substitute at the same time opposing captain can't object the substitute. These terms are mentioned clearly in the law 2.

The (2)nd consist of official replacement of nominated player with another player on paper with the consent of opposing captain after the nomination of players.
(Role of umpires in this activity is not mentioned in law 1. nor the terms of such replacement)

Otherwise, if any captain gives permission when the play is already in progress after start of match,  then i personally feel that it will be a breach to the spirit of the game.

I used to take nominations of players from captains well from 10-15 min before the 30 min remains for the game to start. Toss need to take place at 30-15 min limit before the scheduled start. Prior to this myself with my colleague agree each and every thing with the captains well before the toss.
I used to take lead in these activities.
But never thought of such a right of opposing captain and terms of it. I wanted to discuss with them(captains) about this replacement for nominations here onwards so that any embarrassing moment will not come for me while officiating in future.   

Questions now :

(1) Now keeping in mind the (2) above , what terms i should explain to both the captions towards replacing the on paper nominated player?

(2) If this is possible then, how many replacement allowed? ( ofcourse genuine reasons must be there )

(2) What time limits are there for such a replacement, even if the opposing captain is ready to give permission for this ?  

Kindly correct me if my interpretation or field technique about these laws are wrong.
Let me know the correct interpretations and field technique.

Mayur Wankhade.

Dear Mayur,

Law:2 Substitutes & Runners......

This is one of the most important Law, after Law: 42 Unfair play. One need to read and understand these two laws with greater care.

You have referred to two specific words, Substitute and Replacement. Certain rules / Laws are there, but they hardly take place on the ground but still they are laid down in the book of Law.
We have mostly come across Substitute Law rather then replacement. Have you ever come across any thing related to replacement in competitive cricket? No, but it is very much there.

Substitute rule has been modified so often. Of late, the Runners are scrapped from this Law. Any fielding side can ask for a substitute by right, i.e. from the time of nomination to the end of the match, which is including on and off the field.

If after the nomination if a fielder is hurt for some reasons, his captain can ask for a substitute by right. The opposing side can not object to any fielder to act as substitute nor he can object to his fielding in any position, except Wicket Keeping.A substitute can be claimed by right, provided the umpires are satisfied. Secondly if umpires are satisfied for a wholly acceptable reason, they can allow a substitute for a fielder who is happened to be a Doctor and called for his emergency services.

Replacement can be sought even after the toss. If for example, a fielder is called away for the death of his relative and is not expected to return, the captain of the fielding side might ask for a permanent replacement. If the request is granted, that fielder can take a full part in the match, irrespective of the involvement of the fielder who just left. The replacement can be sought from the list of nominated players only.

Substitute can be claimed by right and no permission of the opposing captain is required, but replacement can be sought with the permission of the opposing captain, that he has even a right to deny, too.

So substitute has a limited role of fielding for a injured fielder and cannot bat or bowl or can keep wicket. But that injured player can still take part in the game. While replacement can also take full part in the game, as if he is a nominated player.

The replacement can be sought generally in the earlier part of the game and not when a match is at the closing stage. There are no limitations on number of replacement can be sought and there is no time bar laid down in the book of Law.

It does not happen in a competitive game, but can happen at local level.

Hope this will clear your doubts or you can get back to me for further clarifications.

Suhas Sapre (Baroda 22032013)


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Suhas L Sapre


I can help to give all questions regarding cricket laws, rules on both umpiring and cricket scoring. It will be a great pleasure to help any candidate who wants to clear the exam of BCCI. I can guide him how the questions are asked and the way they should be replied. I can also conduct classes for Cricket umpiring and scoring anywhere. I look forward to educate and promote local umpires in the days to come. I would help them to get through BCCI Level 1 exam.


I have been a state panel cricket umpire and doing umpiring for last 40 years and also a BCCI official national scorer since 2004, having done many International ODIs played at Baroda and many first class matches in Baroda. I have passed many state panel exams in both categories.

I was serving with State Bank of India, as an Officer, posted at Bodeli branch, some 65 Kmts from Baroda, having taken promotion in August 2012. I was thereafter transferred to Pavi Jepur Br, some 90 kmts from Baroda on 20/12/2013. Recently I have taken VRS from Bank as after becoming an officer I was facing lot of problems regarding leave to attend BCCI matches as a scorer and also Local umpiring and thus hampering my sporting activities. Now to enable me to spare more time for my passion, I have opted for VRS and was relieved on 30/01/2016 and now will look forward to enjoy my passion in the remaining years.Look forward to remain busy with cricketing activities for next one decade and more.Look forward to help my cricket colleagues. Look forward to give off my best services to my passion, which has taught me many more things and now I feel I must contribute towards the local cricket association, i.e. Baroda Cricket Association with all love and enthusiasm in the coming years.I feel proud to take VRS for the sake of my passion. Its a great feeling that I have taken a bold decision in the wake of my passion which has given me enjoyment and physical fitness to enjoy the game of cricket in the the days to come. Now I feel myself as a free bird and no tension. Look forward to help budding umpires.

Earlier I used to write in local newspaper but thereafter time has not permitted me to do so. I give my views over the controversial topic.

I am a degree holder of Commerce and having a reputed banking job in Baroda. Recently due to some personal problems and to fulfil my love and passion for the game of cricket I have opted volunteer retirement from the Bank service to enable me to do BCCI matches as an Official scorer in first class matches. Taking promotion in Bank and expecting leave for the matches was a major problem and that is one of the reasons to quit bank ahead of cricket.

Awards and Honors
I have passed several examination of cricket umpiring at State levels. I passed Mumbai cricket Association as well as Baroda Cricket Associations state exams. I had also cleared national written test of BCCI, but unfortunately sheer bad luck in viva and practical. I have also stood first in the Scorers' state level examinations at Saurashtra, exam conducted by Saurashtra Cricket Association and also stood first in Mumbai Cricket Association's Scorers' exam. I further cleared the BCCI national exam in the year 1994 held at Ahmedabad. In all I have officiated as an Umpire in more than 3500 matches, including T20, ODI, 3-4-5/days matches, 6-aside, double wicket tournaments, single wicket tournaments, and many more festival events and charity matches. I have also officiated as an official scorer in many first class cricket matches as well as almost all ODI matches played at the IPCL/ Reliance Cricket ground in Baroda. In all I have officiated as an official scorer in not less than 300 matches. I have been appointed a Sports Secretary of SBI in Baroda (2010 to 2012) I have been elected as one of the Umpires' committee of Baroda Cricket Association on 23.04.2012 Looking forward to take care of local umpires and will try to educate them. Recently I was privileged to conduct a 3-day cricket Umpires seminar on 7 to 9 September, 2012 along with Shri Sanjay Hazare, BCCI Elite panel cricket umpire. This was my first ever experience to conduct a seminar, which had almost 60 participants. I am thankful to the Baroda Cricket Association for giving me this opportunity. I have been honoured on many occasions with awards and certificates for my best umpiring. Recently on 13th February, 2014, I was invited as a Chief Guest by Amrut School in Halol, to celebrate the Annual Sports Day of their school.

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