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Cricket/Law 41 : The Fielder


QUESTION: Respected Sir,

I used to write down the summery of and the mistakes i did in every match,
Following two doubts come form my summery notes and my experience.


keeping in mind 42.2 fielding the ball. ( fielder fielding the ball willfully with his person. Considering the shoe of bowler as a person )

When i was bowlers end umpire , bowler delivered a fair delivery , striker played straight drive , the ball was in air and coming towards the bowler , bowler read that he has not enough time to bend down and took a catch , so instead he fielded/objected the ball with his shoe with slight upwards direction so that he caught that defected ball with his hands. I gave out at that moment .

But don't you think that that was a willful act by the bowler to field the ball with his shoe so that he can catch it ?


I was doing a T20 match, there were field restrictions that min 4 inside after power play.
i used to check the field inside 30 yards at each over when i was striker's end/square leg umpire. but at 19th over when i was bowler's end umpire my colleague misses it and allowed 3 inside. after two deliveries somebody outside the field let it know to us.

I know it's primary responsibility of the striker's end umpire to check the field but how to deal with this situation ?
what practice i must follow i field restricted game as a bowler's end umpire?

Kindly give your views on my questions.

Mayur Wankhade.

ANSWER: Dear Mayur,

Thanks for your question but as usual need to say sorry for the delay in answering them.

1. You must know what is willful act and what is not.

I will quote one example here. When a fielder is running to field the ball if the cap is blown off and ball happens to touch that cap, no penalty will be given for that casual accident and breach of rule. As that is not the willful act, the blowing of cap while running is different then taking off cap to catch the ball or to field the ball. If the fielder removes the cap and ball happens to hit the cap, it is called willful act and rule is breached here and 5 penalty runs will result. But this is not the case with helmet, whether it falls itself or you take it off while fielding the ball, the rule is breached and 5 penalty runs are scored.

Here what the bowler is trying, he is just trying to stop the ball with his person which is attached and not detached t his body, and if the ball after hitting the shoe, is held by any fielder the batsman is out and there is no question of willful act.

Like wise, if a batsman plays the ball with his bat and before the ball touches the ground hits his shoe and a catch is held, the striker is always out caught.

2.  The responsibility lies on either umpire, whosoever comes to know regarding the breach of this rule, should call and signal no ball.

Since somebody brought to your notice you can't give the previous ball "No ball". But as soon as you have come to know, you must be watchful and should not hesitate to declare no ball, irrespective of your end.

But to control this situation, at first place you must inform the captain before toss, that you along with your WK, should be alert on field restriction rule, to avoid anything wrong on the field.

Secondly you both are a team and should share your responsibilities on the ground. Certain things you have to follow jointly to cooperate each other. Its a Umpires' team. Either of you must be watchful when bowler takes his start and that the required fielders are inside the 30 yard circle. You must watch the fielders outside the circle that they should not be more than 5, if you find the 6th fielder you must call No ball.

So both umpires must be alert and share responsibility. Both umpires most be on toes to watch the infringement.

Hope you will like this and I am sure you will not err on this. But don't leave it to other umpire. Thanks for your consistency to know more about umpiring and I am enjoying but at the same time please bear with me for delay.

With best wishes,

Suhas Sapre (Baroda 18022013)

---------- FOLLOW-UP ----------

QUESTION: Thanks you sir for clearing my doubts.

It's not important that how long you take to answer the questions but the important thing is that whenever you answer my questions, those are much more easy and simple to understand. And at the same time as i am officiating the matches it becomes easy to assimilate what are you talking since i can actually imagine the scenario or sometimes i have already experienced this on the field. So as you said that you are enjoying , i too enjoying asking you the questions. This will not only the valuable knowledge for me but also for our friends which are following this forum.

while asking the questions i am more focus about the on field experiences so that it becomes easy to understand what the law says and what are intentions behind the law.

Thanks again , thanks a lot.

Mayur Wankhade.

Dear Mayur,

I appreciate your patience and also thanks for your compliments. Its a great feeling to learn more and more about umpiring questions. It also helps me refresh my knowledge. I am trying to give off my best and want more and more people to acquire more knowledge through this.

Cricket is most probably the only game, having 42 Laws and the game has passed through many periodic changes. What is important is that application of Law. Even though you know all 42 Laws, you must know their applications on the ground, when it demands.

Hope you enjoy and will learn many more aspects of the Laws. Thanks again for coming out with more questions.

With best wishes,

Suhas Sapre (Baroda 21022013)  


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Suhas L Sapre


I can help to give all questions regarding cricket laws, rules on both umpiring and cricket scoring. It will be a great pleasure to help any candidate who wants to clear the exam of BCCI. I can guide him how the questions are asked and the way they should be replied. I can also conduct classes for Cricket umpiring and scoring anywhere. I look forward to educate and promote local umpires in the days to come. I would help them to get through BCCI Level 1 exam.


I have been a state panel cricket umpire and doing umpiring for last 40 years and also a BCCI official national scorer since 2004, having done many International ODIs played at Baroda and many first class matches in Baroda. I have passed many state panel exams in both categories.

I was serving with State Bank of India, as an Officer, posted at Bodeli branch, some 65 Kmts from Baroda, having taken promotion in August 2012. I was thereafter transferred to Pavi Jepur Br, some 90 kmts from Baroda on 20/12/2013. Recently I have taken VRS from Bank as after becoming an officer I was facing lot of problems regarding leave to attend BCCI matches as a scorer and also Local umpiring and thus hampering my sporting activities. Now to enable me to spare more time for my passion, I have opted for VRS and was relieved on 30/01/2016 and now will look forward to enjoy my passion in the remaining years.Look forward to remain busy with cricketing activities for next one decade and more.Look forward to help my cricket colleagues. Look forward to give off my best services to my passion, which has taught me many more things and now I feel I must contribute towards the local cricket association, i.e. Baroda Cricket Association with all love and enthusiasm in the coming years.I feel proud to take VRS for the sake of my passion. Its a great feeling that I have taken a bold decision in the wake of my passion which has given me enjoyment and physical fitness to enjoy the game of cricket in the the days to come. Now I feel myself as a free bird and no tension. Look forward to help budding umpires.

Earlier I used to write in local newspaper but thereafter time has not permitted me to do so. I give my views over the controversial topic.

I am a degree holder of Commerce and having a reputed banking job in Baroda. Recently due to some personal problems and to fulfil my love and passion for the game of cricket I have opted volunteer retirement from the Bank service to enable me to do BCCI matches as an Official scorer in first class matches. Taking promotion in Bank and expecting leave for the matches was a major problem and that is one of the reasons to quit bank ahead of cricket.

Awards and Honors
I have passed several examination of cricket umpiring at State levels. I passed Mumbai cricket Association as well as Baroda Cricket Associations state exams. I had also cleared national written test of BCCI, but unfortunately sheer bad luck in viva and practical. I have also stood first in the Scorers' state level examinations at Saurashtra, exam conducted by Saurashtra Cricket Association and also stood first in Mumbai Cricket Association's Scorers' exam. I further cleared the BCCI national exam in the year 1994 held at Ahmedabad. In all I have officiated as an Umpire in more than 3500 matches, including T20, ODI, 3-4-5/days matches, 6-aside, double wicket tournaments, single wicket tournaments, and many more festival events and charity matches. I have also officiated as an official scorer in many first class cricket matches as well as almost all ODI matches played at the IPCL/ Reliance Cricket ground in Baroda. In all I have officiated as an official scorer in not less than 300 matches. I have been appointed a Sports Secretary of SBI in Baroda (2010 to 2012) I have been elected as one of the Umpires' committee of Baroda Cricket Association on 23.04.2012 Looking forward to take care of local umpires and will try to educate them. Recently I was privileged to conduct a 3-day cricket Umpires seminar on 7 to 9 September, 2012 along with Shri Sanjay Hazare, BCCI Elite panel cricket umpire. This was my first ever experience to conduct a seminar, which had almost 60 participants. I am thankful to the Baroda Cricket Association for giving me this opportunity. I have been honoured on many occasions with awards and certificates for my best umpiring. Recently on 13th February, 2014, I was invited as a Chief Guest by Amrut School in Halol, to celebrate the Annual Sports Day of their school.

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