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Employment Law/status of employement laws in indian private sector


Sir I am a Lecturer of Human resource management in an private university.I am going to publish my paper on an sensitive and vibrant topic of industrial relation.

"Do Indian private sector actually follow employment laws"

As we can see poor condition of employees in private companies....Can you please guide me how to start my research and what are your views on it.

Dear Pooja,

Hope you're doing fine.

There are several labour Acts which all privately or publicly held companies need to follow without fail. I don't doubt that could be some variation when it comes to adherence of these Acts in the companies but most of the companies still go by it.

The Acts are categorized in Industrial relations, safety, welfare, social security, employment  rules, wages, empowerment of women, employment and training.

The Factories Act, 1948
Shops & Commercial Establishments Act (this is state act).
Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act, 1986
Contract Labour System (Regulation & Abolition) Act, 1970
The Employment Exchanges (Compulsory Notification of Vacancies) Act, 1959
Apprentices Act, 1961
Employees Provident Fund and Miscellaneous Provisions Act, 1952
The Employees State Insurance Act (ESI Act), 1948
Payment of Gratuity Act, 1972
Payment of Bonus Act, 1965
Payment of Wages Act, 1936
Industrial Disputes Act, 1947
The Equal Remuneration Act, 1976

You may get detailed information about all Indian Acts on

I am sure this will be helpful.

Warm regards,
Umesh Chaudhary  

Employment Law

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Umesh Chaudhary


Any question related to HR processes, legal compliance of labour ONLY in India


Over 12 years in the field of Human Resources, industrial relations, labour laws and administration

1. An article published in India Today on sexual harassment, 2. People challenges on How to retain talent 3. Management & Human Resource

MBA (HR), M.Phil (HR). I hold various accreditation in the area of Human Resources, Industrial Relations and Employment Laws. I strongly feel the more knowledge you share the more you'll get to learn. There is no age to learning therefore I stay abreast with new developments into HR and Labor Laws; I prefer to attend regular seminars, professional gathering, workshops and lectures. I am also associated with All India Management Association, National HRD Network (Delhi Chapter).

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