English as a Second Language/Word(s) that ISO modifies

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Question
Dear Mr. Shannon Cole

I’m a Japanese engineer and we have some trouble getting the exact or correct meaning of ISO’s definition.

ISO (http://www.iso.org/iso/home.html) is a famous organization for standardization. ISO 9000 (http://www.iso.org/iso/home/standards/management-standards/iso_9000.htm ) is one of the International Standards issued by ISO and defines words “quality improvement” as follows:
“part of quality management focused on increasing the ability to fulfil quality requirements”

I changed the definition above as follows:
d1. part of quality management focused on increasing the ability to fulfil quality requirements
d2. part of quality management which is focused on increasing the ability to fulfil quality requirements
d3. part of quality management that is focused on increasing the ability to fulfil quality requirements
d4. part of quality management, which is focused on increasing the ability to fulfil quality requirements

d1 is the original definition by ISO and d2 to d4 are the definitions I changed or made. Please let me call “focused on increasing the ability to fulfil quality requirements” LH (latter half) for convenience sake.

These are my questions.
Q1. Are there any definitions where LH modifies “part” 100%, with no ambiguity, or perfectly?
Q2. Which is the definition where LH modifies “part” the most strongly or most surely than the other three definitions?
Q3. Which is the definition where LH modifies “part” the second strongly or second surely?
Q4. Are there any definitions where LH modifies “quality management” 100%, with no ambiguity, or perfectly?
Q5. Which is the definition where LH modifies “quality management” the most strongly or most surely than the other three definitions?
Q6. Which is the definition where LH modifies “quality management” the second strongly or second surely?

Thank you.

Answer
Dear Saburo,

A1. Yes, D2 and D3 are nonrestrictive clauses and would do just that.  D1 also does this.
A2. D1 would be the best option.  I read the definition (and some other definitions related to "part of quality management" by ISO, and it definitely refers to "part.")
A3. D3 would be the second best option.
A4. Not really
A5. D4 could possibly do this more than the others, but it is ambiguous.
A6. All other options probably would refer to "part."


http://www.kentlaw.edu/academics/lrw/grinker/LwtaClauses__Restrictive_and_Nonres
http://www.kentlaw.edu/academics/lrw/grinker/LwtaThat_Versus_Which.htm
http://college.cengage.com/english/raimes/digitalkeys/keyshtml/relativ5.htm
http://www.quickanddirtytips.com/education/grammar/commas-participial-phrases?pa
http://uwc.ttu.edu/Handbook/view.asp?id=SMH6_p09_c46_s03
http://prtl.uhcl.edu/portal/page/portal/WC/Files/Tipsheetthatvswhich

English as a Second Language

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Shannon Cole

Expertise

I can answer questions related to learning the English and Spanish language.

Experience

I have taught ESL and Spanish since 1998 at the university and middle school levels. I am a native of the U.S., and have taught in both the U.S. and Mexico.

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I am owner and operator of www.coleinstitute.com, an online language school.

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Georgia TESOL in Action (1999)

Education/Credentials
B.A. in Spanish; M.Ed. in Language Education

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I have clients worldwide, some who want their documents proofread, and others who take lessons with me through the Internet. Some work at high-profile companies and government organizations. Besides the U.S. and Mexico, my recent students come from South Korea, Switzerland, Turkey, Colombia, Russia, Italy, Paraguay, China, Japan, the Philippines, and Saudi Arabia.

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