English as a Second Language/Question
Thanks again for your kind answer.
This time, the following sentence was somehow challenging:
It might be fair to say that Malevich’s abstraction sprang, Athena-like, ready formed from the brow of its creator; this distinguishes Malevich’s approach very sharply from that of both Mondrian and Kandinsky, who had sensed and inched their way into abstraction over a period of many years.
I have problem in understanding this part:
Malevich’s abstraction sprang, Athena-like, ready formed from the brow of its creator
Hello again Azad,
Athena was the goddess of wisdom and war and according to one legend she was born - more like she came out ready formed - out of Zeus' forehead/brow.
Here, in your sentence, you're dealing with a metaphor.
Malevich's abstract creation simply came into being in the same way Athena was born. Suddenly and "ready formed".
For what it's worth this is quite a challenging paragraph, and I bet even some native speakers might have a problem interpreting it ;)
I hope this helps.
Looking forward to more of your interesting questions.