English as a Second Language/English grammar

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Question
QUESTION: After you have raised above three question if you have an answer - Having raised above three questions if you have an answer Sir, are the abve two sentence similar?. Or is it wrong to have a participle phrase at the biginning  of the second sentense  becaues of IF at the beginning of the second sentence?. Thank you very much.

ANSWER: Dear Buddhi,

The two 'sentences' you have written are in fact not sentences. In each,  you have two subordinate clauses and no main clause. You need a consequence for the 'if'-clause.

I'm afraid I can't correct them because I don't really know what you want to say.

Can you try again, or provide some more context?

With best wishes,

Jed



---------- FOLLOW-UP ----------

QUESTION: After you have raised the three questions, if you have an answer that verb is called transitive.- Having raised the three questions, if you have an answer that verb is called a transitive verb. Dear sir, are these similar to each other?. If not please explain the falt to me. Thank you in advance.

Answer
Dear Buddhi,

You still have incomplete sentences. You still have two subordinate clauses and no main clause. You need a consequence for the 'if'-clause. If you begin a clause with 'after', we need to know what happens after the situation mentioned in that clause. If you begin a clause with 'if', we need to know what happens in the event of the situation mentioned in that clause happening.

Here's a complete sentence:

"After you have read this letter (subordinate clause), if you have any questions (subordinate clause), please don't hesitate to write again (main clause)."

I'm afraid I am still unable to help you.

Regards,

Jed.

English as a Second Language

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Jed Webb

Expertise

I can assist with questions about English grammar (syntax, morphology, pronunciation and spelling)from learners taking such examinations as TOEFL, IELTS, FCE and CAE and other internationally recognised tests.

Experience

I have over forty years of experience in the teaching of modern languages, twenty-four of them in the Teaching of English as a Second Language. I have been an examiner for FCE, BEC and IELTS examinations, and a teacher trainer on courses leading to the Trinity College Certificate in TESOL.

Organizations
The Philological Society The International Phonetic Association The College of Teachers The International Association of Teachers of EFL The Royal Society of Arts (Fellow)

Publications
British Journal of Language Teaching, Vol XIX Nos I and II Education Today, Vol 41, Nos 1 and 3 Co-Author: Nix and Webb (1984) 'Creative English', Bad Homburg: Verlag Gehlen Contributor: Nix and Riederer (1973), 'Bottoms Up', Bad Homburg: Verlag Gehlen Rosenau and Nix, (1979), 'Look it up', Bad Homburg: Verlag Gehlen Nix and Ringholz, 'English in Projects', Bad Homburg: Verlag Gehlen

Education/Credentials
BA (English), University of Durham. Qualified Teacher Status, UK Department of Education and Science Further and Adult Education Teacher's Certificate, City and Guilds of London Institute ACP(TESOL), College of Preceptors Dip TESOL, Trinity College, London Dip Ed (ELT), Exeter University ACP (Management Studies in Education), College of Teachers Certificate of Proficiency in the Phonetics of English, International Phonetic Association

Past/Present Clients
I have taught: General and Business English classes for: Alcan, Allianz Versicherung, Robert Bosch, Daimler-Benz, Ford, Hewlett Packard, Kodak, Mövenpick, Radiomobil (O2), Siemens, Unilever. TOEFL and FCE classes for: eská Spoitelna,SOB, Czech Ministry of Trade, Czech Statistics Office.

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