English as a Second Language/sentences

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1.Risky behavior like sharing needles can result in the transmission of blood diseases like Hepatitis B.
  During these ceremonies, they would pray to the gods and ask them to protect their crew and ships from the perilous sea.

(1.)    In the first sentence, what is a substitute for “risky”? “Perilous”, “hazardous”, “precarious”or “dangerous”?
(2.)    In the second, what is a substitute for “perilous”? “risky”, “hazardous”, “precarious”or “dangerous”?

2. Sleep deprivation has the same hazardous effects as being drunk.
  The road now follows the Indus Gorge, often taking a high and precarious route above the river.

(1.)    In the first sentence, what is a substitute for “hazardous”? “Perilous”, “risky”, “precarious”or “dangerous”?
(2.   ) In the second, what is a substitute for “precarious”? “Perilous”, “hazardous”, “risky”or “dangerous”?

3.Considering the proper scope and function of science is important to those wishing to become scientists in the future.
  Humans and animals can sense a wide range of sound frequencies.

(1.)    In the first sentence, what is a substitute for “scope”? “Range”, “extent”,” area”, “sphere”, “field” or “spectrum”?
(2.)    In the second, what is a substitute for “range”? “Scope”, “extent”,” area”, “sphere” or “spectrum”?


4. One of today's greatest debates is the extent of damage global warming is causing.
The city performed a wide spectrum of arts events.

(1.)    In the first sentence, what is a substitute for “extent”? “Range”, “extent”,” area”, “sphere”, or “spectrum”?
(2.)    In the second, what is a substitute for “spectrum”? “Range”, “extent”,” area”, “sphere”, or “scope”?

5. The Earth is shielded from the suns' harmful ultraviolet rays by the ozone layer.
  Legends say European dragons live in caves or on mountaintops, guarding treasure.

(1.)    In the first sentence, what is a substitute for “shielded”? “Guarded”,  “blocked’, “obstructed”, “sheltered”, “safeguarded “or “protected”?
(2.)    In the second, what is substitute for “guarding”? “Shielding”, “sheltering”, “safeguarding”or “protecting”?

6.During the daytime, most desert creatures will burrow underground to be sheltered from the scorching midday heat.
A sense of pride came from the slave community bonding together to help and protect one another.

(1.)In the first sentence, what is a substitute for “sheltered”? “Shielded”,  “blocked”, “obstructed”,“guarded”, “safeguarded”or “protected”?

(2.) In the second, what is a substitute for “protect”? “Shield”, “guard”, “safeguard”or “shelter”?

Answer
1.Risky behavior like sharing needles can result in the transmission of blood diseases like Hepatitis B.
  During these ceremonies, they would pray to the gods and ask them to protect their crew and ships from the perilous sea.

(1.)    In the first sentence, what is a substitute for “risky”? “hazardous”, or “dangerous”
(2.)    In the second, what is a substitute for “perilous”?  “hazardous”, or “dangerous”

2. Sleep deprivation has the same hazardous effects as being drunk.
  The road now follows the Indus Gorge, often taking a high and precarious route above the river.

(1.)    In the first sentence, what is a substitute for “hazardous”? Dangerous
(2.) In the second, what is a substitute for “precarious”? “Perilous”, “hazardous”, “risky”or “dangerous”? Any of these, but I'd use "hazardous"

3.Considering the proper scope and function of science is important to those wishing to become scientists in the future.
  Humans and animals can sense a wide range of sound frequencies.

(1.)    In the first sentence, what is a substitute for “scope”? “Range”, “extent”,” area”, “sphere”, “field” or “spectrum”? None, here scope = purpose (or so I think)
(2.)    In the second, what is a substitute for “range”? “spectrum”


4. One of today's greatest debates is the extent of damage global warming is causing.
The city performed a wide spectrum of arts events.

(1.)    In the first sentence, what is a substitute for “extent”? Amount
(2.)    In the second, what is a substitute for “spectrum”? “Range”

5. The Earth is shielded from the suns' harmful ultraviolet rays by the ozone layer.
  Legends say European dragons live in caves or on mountaintops, guarding treasure.

(1.)    In the first sentence, what is a substitute for “shielded”? “protected”
(2.)    In the second, what is substitute for “guarding”?  “safeguarding”or “protecting”

6.During the daytime, most desert creatures will burrow underground to be sheltered from the scorching midday heat.
A sense of pride came from the slave community bonding together to help and protect one another.

(1.)In the first sentence, what is a substitute for “sheltered”? “Shielded”,  “protected”

(2.) In the second, what is a substitute for “protect”? Defend/look after.  

English as a Second Language

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Amy Baker

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I can answer question about grammar, spelling, syntax, idioms, reading and/or writing that pertain to English as a Second Language. I am knowledgeable about both TOEFL and IELTS.

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I'm a certified ESL teacher with 12 years of experience teaching K-12 and adults.

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