English as a Second Language/sentences

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Question
1. In the English class, students familiarize themselves with new words to increase their vocabulary and improve their spelling skills.
When meeting new friends, some people may feel too shy to start a conversation because they are afraid of unfamiliarity.

Are both sentences grammatically correct?
(1.)    In the second sentence, can I say also, “..some people may feel too shy to start a conversation because of unfamiliarity”?


2.In our society, Hoklo people, Hakka people and Mainlanders form the majority, while the aborigines and the foreign residents are the minority.
Democracy means the minority follows the majority, while the majority respects the minority.

Are both sentences grammatically correct?
(1.) In the first sentence, can I use the plurals “majorities” and “minorities”? Which is better?

3.Insurance provides a sense of security for a family.
In big cities, stores are protected by electronic security systems.

Are both sentences grammatically correct?
(1.)    What is another way to say “stores are protected by electronic security systems”?


4.Do you read the ingredients on packages when you are shopping?
Cell phone addiction has become commonplace among teenagers these days.

Are both sentences grammatically correct?
(1.)    In the second, can I say “Cell phones have become commonplace among…”?

5.Some students work through college to reduce the financial burdens of their families.
The mother lost her baby during the delivery.

Are both sentences grammatically correct?
(1.)    In the second, does it mean the same if I say, “The mother had a miscarriage”?

6.   These T-shirts come in different colors to suit each individual’s taste.
Classes are available in different levels to meet each individual’s needs.

Are both sentences grammatically correct?
(1.)    In the second, can I say also, “…to meet individual needs”? What is the difference?

7.The boss often loses control when things don’t go his way. Nobody can endure his temper.
John often tests people’s ability to endure by pushing things to the limits.

Are both sentences grammatically correct?

Answer
1. In the English class, students familiarize themselves with new words to increase their vocabulary and improve their spelling skills.
When meeting new friends, some people may feel too shy to start a conversation because they are afraid of unfamiliarity.

Are both sentences grammatically correct? Yes, but "...new words, in order to increase..."
(1.)    In the second sentence, can I say also, “..some people may feel too shy to start a conversation because of unfamiliarity”? Yes


2.In our society, Hoklo people, Hakka people and Mainlanders form the majority, while the aborigines and the foreign residents are the minority.
Democracy means the minority follows the majority, while the majority respects the minority.

Are both sentences grammatically correct? Yes
(1.) In the first sentence, can I use the plurals “majorities” and “minorities”? Which is better? In my opinion there can only be one majority (singular) but it's possible to have several minorities (plural).

3.Insurance provides a sense of security for a family.
In big cities, stores are protected by electronic security systems.

Are both sentences grammatically correct? Yes
(1.)    What is another way to say “stores are protected by electronic security systems”? There are electronic security systems in places in stores.


4.Do you read the ingredients on packages when you are shopping?
Cell phone addiction has become commonplace among teenagers these days.

Are both sentences grammatically correct? Yes
(1.)    In the second, can I say “Cell phones have become commonplace among…”? No.

5.Some students work through college to reduce the financial burdens of their families.
The mother lost her baby during the delivery.

Are both sentences grammatically correct? Yes but "during delivery"
(1.)    In the second, does it mean the same if I say, “The mother had a miscarriage”? No.

6.   These T-shirts come in different colors to suit each individual’s taste.
Classes are available in different levels to meet each individual’s needs.

Are both sentences grammatically correct? I'd say "for different (ability) levels" in the second
(1.)    In the second, can I say also, “…to meet individual needs”? What is the difference? Yes, no difference.

7.The boss often loses control when things don’t go his way. Nobody can endure his temper.
John often tests people’s ability to endure by pushing things to the limits.

Are both sentences grammatically correct? Yes but "put up with his temper" or "tolerate his temper" in the first.


I hope this helps Oppo.

Best,

Amy  

English as a Second Language

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Amy Baker

Expertise

I can answer question about grammar, spelling, syntax, idioms, reading and/or writing that pertain to English as a Second Language. I am knowledgeable about both TOEFL and IELTS.

Experience

I'm a certified ESL teacher with 12 years of experience teaching K-12 and adults.

Education/Credentials
BSc MEd TESL post grad program for k-12 TESL post grad program for adult ed

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