English as a Second Language/sentences

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Question
1.Slaves were told that if they accepted and endured their fate on Earth, they would be free in their afterlife.
He could stand the imprisonment because he knew his family was waiting for his release.

(1.)    In the first sentence, what is a substitute for “endured”? , “Resisted”, “bore”, “tolerated”, “withstood”, “stood”?
(2.)    In the second, what is a substitute for “stand”? Resisted”, “bore”, “tolerated”, “withstood”, “endure”?
(3.)    Does “in their afterlife” have the same meaning as “in their next life”?

2.The leader's refusal to enter into talks with the opposition party further aggravated tensions in the political arena.
  His involvement in the negotiations merely exacerbated the already tense situation.

(1.)    In the first sentence, what is a substitute for “aggravated”? “Worsened”, “exacerbated”, “escalated”, “deteriorated” or “intensified”?
(2.)    In the second, what is a substitute for “exacerbated”? “Worsened”, “aggravated”, “escalated”, “deteriorated” or “intensified”?

3. Stress often worsens the condition of the body.
Tissue is formed by a collection of cells that are similar in structure and function.


(1.)   In the first sentence, what is a substitute for “worsens”? “Aggravates”, “exacerbates”, “escalates”, “deteriorates” or “intensifies”?
(2.)    In the second, what is a substitute for “structure”? “Framework”, “architecture”, “construction” or “formation”?

4.The architecture of the DNA helix was first accurately portrayed in a model by scientists, Watson and Crick.
  Business executives must have a comprehension of the basic framework within which scientific and technological changes take place.

(1.)    In the first sentence, what is a substitute for “architecture”? “Framework”, “structure”, “construction”or “formation”?
(2.)    In the second, what is a substitute for “framework”? “Architecture”,“structure”, “construction”or “formation”?

5.The two men worked in collaboration with each other for years, but developed very different psychological theories.
An alliance was created in June of 1941 between the Soviet Union and the great superpowers of the modern age, Britain and the United States.

(1.)    In the first sentence, what is a substitute for “worked in collaboration”? “Worked together”, “worked in cooperation”, “teamed up”?
(2.)    What is a substitute for “alliance”? “Accord” or “affiliation”?

6.Cooperation was necessary if the team's mission was to succeed.
  The evening's gala was organized in association with World Vision to raise money for the disaster victims.

(1.)    In the first sentence, what is a substitute for “Cooperation”?
“Teamwork”, “Collaboration”, “
(2.)    In the second, what is a substitute for “association”? “Alliance”, “affiliation”, “partnership”, “corporation”?

Answer
1.Slaves were told that if they accepted and endured their fate on Earth, they would be free in their afterlife.
He could stand the imprisonment because he knew his family was waiting for his release.

(1.)    In the first sentence, what is a substitute for “endured”? “withstood”
(2.)    In the second, what is a substitute for “stand”?  “tolerate”, “endure”
(3.)    Does “in their afterlife” have the same meaning as “in their next life”? Afterlife would be their life after death.

2.The leader's refusal to enter into talks with the opposition party further aggravated tensions in the political arena.
  His involvement in the negotiations merely exacerbated the already tense situation.

(1.)    In the first sentence, what is a substitute for “aggravated”? “Worsened”, “exacerbated”, “escalated” or “intensified”
(2.)    In the second, what is a substitute for “exacerbated”? “Worsened”, “aggravated”, “deteriorated” or “intensified”

3. Stress often worsens the condition of the body.
Tissue is formed by a collection of cells that are similar in structure and function.

(1.)   In the first sentence, what is a substitute for “worsens”? “Aggravates”, “exacerbates”,
(2.)    In the second, what is a substitute for “structure”? Makeup

4. The architecture of the DNA helix was first accurately portrayed in a model by scientists, Watson and Crick.
  Business executives must have a comprehension of the basic framework within which scientific and technological changes take place.

(1.)    In the first sentence, what is a substitute for “architecture”?  “structure"
(2.)    In the second, what is a substitute for “framework”? "structure”

5.The two men worked in collaboration with each other for years, but developed very different psychological theories.
An alliance was created in June of 1941 between the Soviet Union and the great superpowers of the modern age, Britain and the United States.

(1.)    In the first sentence, what is a substitute for “worked in collaboration”? “Worked together”,
(2.)    What is a substitute for “alliance”? Partnership

6.Cooperation was necessary if the team's mission was to succeed.
  The evening's gala was organized in association with World Vision to raise money for the disaster victims.

(1.)    In the first sentence, what is a substitute for “Cooperation”?  “Teamwork”, “Collaboration”
(2.)    In the second, what is a substitute for “association”?  “partnership”

English as a Second Language

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Amy Baker

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I can answer question about grammar, spelling, syntax, idioms, reading and/or writing that pertain to English as a Second Language. I am knowledgeable about both TOEFL and IELTS.

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