English as a Second Language/sentences

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Question
1.Inside the cocoon, the caterpillar metamorphoses into a butterfly.
  He had to modify the documents before submitting them to the editor.

(1.)    What is a substitute for “metamorphoses into”in the firs sentence? “Changes into”, “turns into”,  “transforms into”, “develops into”, “converts into” or what else?
(2.)    What is a substitute for “modify” in the second? “Rewrite”, “edit”, “proofread”or “modify”?

2. It is usually in the first weeks of autumn that the maple leaves begin to change color.
 As cold weather approaches, the insects crawl into bark crevices to avoid the elements.

(1.)    In the first sentence, what is a substitute for “change”? “Turn”or what else?
(2.)    In the second, what is a substitute for “crawl into”? “Creep into”, “climb into”or “wriggle into”, “sneak into”or what else?
(3.)    Does “elements” in the second sentence refer to “bad weather conditions”?

3.
A mongoose will slowly creep up on a snake before suddenly attacking it.
The fish wriggled free from the fisherman's grasp.

(1.)   In the first sentence, what is a substitute for “creep up on”? “Crawl up on”, “climb up on”,  “sneak up on”or“wriggle up on”?
(2.)   In the second, what is a substitute for “wriggle free from”? “Crawl free from”, “climb free from”, “sneak free from”, “creep free from”, “twist free from”or “wiggle free from”?


4. Inmates are restricted to having only three guests visit per week, for no longer that thirty minutes each.
The music's development was not confined to the south even though it was born in New Orleans.

(1.)    In the first sentence, what is a substitute for “restricted”? “Confined”, “limited”, “suppressed”, “curbed” or “fettered”?
(2.)    In the second, what is a substitute for “confined”?  “Restricted”, “limited”, “suppressed”, “curbed”, “fettered”, “inhibited”, “restrained”?

5. The high interest rate is expected to curb spending.
The minds of many of Galileo's contemporaries were fettered by religion, superstition, and fixed ideas about Earth.

(1.)    In the first sentence, what is a substitute for “curb”? “Stop”, “restrict”, “confine”, “limit”, “suppress”, “fetter”, “inhibit” or “restrain”?
(2.)    In the second, what is a substitute for “fettered”? “Restricted’, “confined”, “limited”, “suppressed”, “curbed”, “inhibited” or “restrained”?

6.  The government suppressed the paper's publication after only the first issue.
Less developed countries must limit their social services because they simply cannot afford them.

(1.)    In the first sentence, what is a substitute for “suppressed”? “Restricted”, “limited”, “confined”, “fettered”, “inhibited””censored”, “controlled”, “curbed” or “restrained”?
(2.)    In the second, what is a substitute for “limit”? “Restrict”, “suppress”, “confine”, “fetter”, “inhibit”, “restrain” or “curb”?

Answer
1.Inside the cocoon, the caterpillar metamorphoses into a butterfly.
  He had to modify the documents before submitting them to the editor.

(1.)    What is a substitute for “metamorphoses into”in the firs sentence? “Changes into”, “turns into”,  “transforms into”
(2.)    What is a substitute for “modify” in the second? “Rewrite”

2. It is usually in the first weeks of autumn that the maple leaves begin to change color.
 As cold weather approaches, the insects crawl into bark crevices to avoid the elements.

(1.)    In the first sentence, what is a substitute for “change”? “Turn”, modify
(2.)    In the second, what is a substitute for “crawl into”? “Creep into”, “climb into”“sneak into”
(3.)    Does “elements” in the second sentence refer to “bad weather conditions”? Yes

3.
A mongoose will slowly creep up on a snake before suddenly attacking it.
The fish wriggled free from the fisherman's grasp.

(1.)   In the first sentence, what is a substitute for “creep up on”? “sneak up on”
(2.)   In the second, what is a substitute for “wriggle free from”? Escaped from


4. Inmates are restricted to having only three guests visit per week, for no longer that thirty minutes each.
The music's development was not confined to the south even though it was born in New Orleans.

(1.)    In the first sentence, what is a substitute for “restricted”? “limited”
(2.)   In the second, what is a substitute for “confined”?  “Restricted”, “limited”

5. The high interest rate is expected to curb spending.
The minds of many of Galileo's contemporaries were fettered by religion, superstition, and fixed ideas about Earth.

(1.)    In the first sentence, what is a substitute for “curb”? “restrict”, “limit”
(2.)    In the second, what is a substitute for “fettered”? “suppressed”, “inhibited”

fwiw - I've rarely seen the word "fetter" used by native speakers

6.  The government suppressed the paper's publication after only the first issue.
Less developed countries must limit their social services because they simply cannot afford them.

(1.)    In the first sentence, what is a substitute for “suppressed”? Stopped
(2.)    In the second, what is a substitute for “limit”? “Restrict”  

English as a Second Language

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Amy Baker

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I can answer question about grammar, spelling, syntax, idioms, reading and/or writing that pertain to English as a Second Language. I am knowledgeable about both TOEFL and IELTS.

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