English as a Second Language/sentences

Advertisement


Question
1.The English word "weird" derives from the Old English term "wyrd," which means destiny.
Stress often stems from a variety of compounded sources.

(1.)    What is a substitute for “derives from” in the first sentence? “, “Originated from”, “comes from”, “stems from”, “traces back to”, “evolved from” or “developed from”?
(2.)     In the second, what is a substitute for “stems from”? “Derives from”, “originates from”,  “comes from”, “traces back to “,“evolves from”, “develops from”?
(3.)    What is another way to say “compounded” in the second?

2.   Acupuncture originated in China 4,000 years ago
  Her family bloodlines trace back to the Austrian monarchy.

(1.)    What is a substitute for “originated in” in the first sentences? “Stems from”, “traces back to”, “evolved from”, “developed from”?
(2.)    In the second, what is a substitute for “trace back to”? Stems from”, “originated from”, “evolved from”, “developed from”?
(3.)    What is another way to say “family bloodlines”?

3.The population of the town diminished from a high of 18,000 in 1924 to only 1,600 in 1988.
The salmon population is decreasing due to global warming and pollution.

(1.)    In the first sentence, what is a substitute for “diminished”? “Decreased”, “dwindled”, “shrank”, “scanted”, “lessened”, “declined” or “reduced”?
(2.)    In the second, what is a substitute for “decreasing”?  “Diminishing”, “dwindling”, “shrinking”, “scanting”, “lessening”, “declining” or “reducing”?

4. Limited energy supplies may dwindle down to nothing in the future if we continue to consume at this rate.
In response to climate, glaciers are complex systems that can grow and shrink.

(1.) What is a substitute for “dwindle down” in the first sentence?  “Diminish”,“decrease”, “shrink”, “scant”, “lessen”, “decline” or “reduce”?
(2.) What is a substitute for “shrink” in the second?  “Dwindle ” ,“diminish”,“decrease”, “scant”, “lessen”, “decline” or “reduce”?

5. The asteroid's impact was lessened by the angle it entered the atmosphere.
A moth reduces its movements when it senses light.

(1.)    What is a substitute for “was lessened” in the first sentence?
“Diminished”,“decreased”, “shrank”, “scanted”, “declined”, “weakened” or “reduced”?
(2.)   What is a substitute for “reduces” in the second?  “Diminishes”, “decreases”, “shrinks”, “scants”, “declines”, “weakens” or “reduces”?

6. Most of the Chinese medicine derives from natural plants or herbs.
Most residents in Taiwan originated in Mainland China.


Are both sentences grammatically correct?
(1.)    What is a substitute for “derives from” ? “Comes from”, originated from”, “is extracted from”or “is obtained from”?
(2.)    In the second, what is a substitute for “originated in”? “Come from”,  “stem from”, “trace back to”, “trace their roots to”,“evolved from” or “developed from”?

Answer
1.The English word "weird" derives from the Old English term "wyrd," which means destiny.
Stress often stems from a variety of compounded sources.

(1.)    What is a substitute for “derives from” in the first sentence? “, “Originated from”, “comes from”, “evolved from” or “developed from”
(2.)     In the second, what is a substitute for “stems from”? “originates from”,  “comes from”
(3.)    What is another way to say “compounded” in the second? mixed, various

2.   Acupuncture originated in China 4,000 years ago
 Her family bloodlines trace back to the Austrian monarchy.

(1.)    What is a substitute for “originated in” in the first sentences? was created, started
(2.)    In the second, what is a substitute for “trace back to”? goes back to
(3.)    What is another way to say “family bloodlines”? genealogic tree

3.The population of the town diminished from a high of 18,000 in 1924 to only 1,600 in 1988.
The salmon population is decreasing due to global warming and pollution.

(1.)    In the first sentence, what is a substitute for “diminished”? “Decreased”, “shrank”, “declined”
(2.)    In the second, what is a substitute for “decreasing”?  “Diminishing”, “shrinking”, “lessening”, “declining”

4. Limited energy supplies may dwindle down to nothing in the future if we continue to consume at this rate.
In response to climate, glaciers are complex systems that can grow and shrink.

(1.) What is a substitute for “dwindle down” in the first sentence?  “Diminish”,“decrease”, “shrink”, "lessen”, “decline” or “reduce”
(2.) What is a substitute for “shrink” in the second?  “Dwindle ”

5. The asteroid's impact was lessened by the angle it entered the atmosphere.
A moth reduces its movements when it senses light.

(1.)    What is a substitute for “was lessened” in the first sentence?
“Diminished”,“reduced”
(2.)   What is a substitute for “reduces” in the second?  (“weakens”) or “reduces”

6. Most of the Chinese medicine derives from natural plants or herbs.
Most residents in Taiwan originated in Mainland China.


Are both sentences grammatically correct? yes but "from plants or herbs" in the first (it's implied that they're natural). Also I'd rephrase the second:
Most residents of Taiwan came from Mainland China.
(1.)    What is a substitute for “derives from” ? “is extracted from”or “is obtained from”
(2.)    In the second, what is a substitute for “originated in”? “Come from”, “trace back to”, “trace their roots to”  

English as a Second Language

All Answers


Answers by Expert:


Ask Experts

Volunteer


Amy Baker

Expertise

I can answer question about grammar, spelling, syntax, idioms, reading and/or writing that pertain to English as a Second Language. I am knowledgeable about both TOEFL and IELTS.

Experience

I'm a certified ESL teacher with 12 years of experience teaching K-12 and adults.

Education/Credentials
BSc MEd TESL post grad program for k-12 TESL post grad program for adult ed

©2016 About.com. All rights reserved.