English as a Second Language/sentences

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Question
1.The Roman state began to disintegrate in the 3rd century.
The glasslike substance was so durable; it would not break even when dropped on the floor several times.

(1.)    In the first sentence, what is a substitute for “disintegrate”?  “Break down”, “collapse”, “fail”,“shatter”, “slit’or “split”?
(2.)    In the second, what is a substitute for “break”?  “Crack”, “crash”, “crush”,”fracture”, “be damaged”, “disintegrate”, “shatter”, “slit”or“split”?

2.   She accidentally knocked over the glass vase and it shattered into pieces.
The sushi chef expertly slit the fish open.

(1.)    What is a substitute for “shattered”? “Broke”, “crashed”, “crushed”, “cracked”, “fractured”or “split”?
(2.)     What is a substitute for “slit”? “Cut”, “slice”, “slash”?


3. Musical and linguistic expression had common origins, but split from one another several thousand years ago.
   He needed to take apart the computer to find out what was wrong with the hard drive.

(1.)    What is a substitute for “split” in the first sentence? “separated”, “divided”, “disassembled”, “disintegrated”
(2.)    In the second, what is a substitute for “take apart”? “Disassembled”, “disintegrated”, “separated”?

4.   
Circus ringleaders knew that having exotic animals in the show would draw a large crowd.
The fishermen hauled a catch of blue fin tuna aboard the fishing vessel.

(1.)   In the first sentence, what is a substitute for “draw”? “Attract”, “appeal to”, “fascinate”, “bring”, “allure”or “invite”?
(2.)    In the second, what is a substitute for “hauled”?  “Pulled”, “dragged”, “hoisted” or “lifted”?

5.Black bears appear to drag their feet.
Black holes pull in great amounts of surrounding mass.

(1.)    What is a substitute for “drag” in the first sentence? “Draw” or “pull”?
(2.)    What is a substitute for “pull in” in the second? “Attract”, “take in”, “absorb”, “suck in”or “draw in”?

6.
The audience was silent, engrossed in the President's speech.
He was concerned that today, people were becoming too preoccupied with their own lives.

(1.)    In the first sentence, what is a substitute for “was engrossed in”?  “was preoccupied”, “was absorbed in”, “was drawn into”or “fascinated by”?
(2.)    In the second, what was a substitute for “becoming too preoccupied with”? “Becoming too engrossed in”, “becoming too absorbed in”, “becoming occupied with”, “becoming too obsessed with” or “becoming too fascinated with”?

(3.) What does the second sentence imply?

Answer
1.The Roman state began to disintegrate in the 3rd century.
The glasslike substance was so durable; it would not break even when dropped on the floor several times.

(1.)    In the first sentence, what is a substitute for “disintegrate”?  fall apart
(2.)    In the second, what is a substitute for “break”?  “Crack”, "fracture”, “get damaged”, “shatter”

2.   She accidentally knocked over the glass vase and it shattered into pieces.
The sushi chef expertly slit the fish open.

(1.)    What is a substitute for “shattered”? “Broke”
(2.)     What is a substitute for “slit”? “Cut”, “slice”

3. Musical and linguistic expression had common origins, but split from one another several thousand years ago.
  He needed to take apart the computer to find out what was wrong with the hard drive.

(1.)    What is a substitute for “split” in the first sentence? “separated”
(2.)    In the second, what is a substitute for “take apart”? “Disassemble”

4.   
Circus ringleaders knew that having exotic animals in the show would draw a large crowd.
The fishermen hauled a catch of blue fin tuna aboard the fishing vessel.

(1.)   In the first sentence, what is a substitute for “draw”? “Attract”
(2.)    In the second, what is a substitute for “hauled”?  “Pulled”, “hoisted” or “lifted”

5.Black bears appear to drag their feet.
Black holes pull in great amounts of surrounding mass.

(1.)    What is a substitute for “drag” in the first sentence? “Draw” or “pull”?
(2.)    What is a substitute for “pull in” in the second? “Attract”, “take in”, “absorb”, “suck in”or “draw in”?

6.
The audience was silent, engrossed in the President's speech.
He was concerned that today, people were becoming too preoccupied with their own lives.

(1.)    In the first sentence, what is a substitute for “was engrossed in”? “was absorbed in”, “was drawn into”or (“fascinated by”)
(2.)    In the second, what was a substitute for “becoming too preoccupied with”? “Becoming too engrossed in”, “becoming too absorbed in”, “becoming too obsessed with”
(3.) What does the second sentence imply? He was concerned that people are becoming more selfish nowadays.  

English as a Second Language

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Amy Baker

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I can answer question about grammar, spelling, syntax, idioms, reading and/or writing that pertain to English as a Second Language. I am knowledgeable about both TOEFL and IELTS.

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I'm a certified ESL teacher with 12 years of experience teaching K-12 and adults.

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