English as a Second Language/sentences

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Question
1.Human babies do not have the innate ability to recognize facial expressions of emotion.
Human beings all have intrinsic value and possess a right to life that must be protected.


(1.)   What is a substitute for “innate” in the first sentence?
What is a substitute for “innate” in the first sentence ? “Inborn”, “inherent ”, “hereditary”, “natural”, “intuitive”, “intrinsic” or “instinctive”?
(2.)   What is a substitute for “intrinsic” in the second? “Innate”, “inborn”, “inherent”, “natural”, “intuitive”, “intrinsic”, “instinctive”, “real” or “true”?

2. If the toxic levels of mercury, which are kept inert in rocks, are released into the water, many fish species will die.
Detecting everything based on sound, frogs are actually blind to stationary insects.

(1.)In the first sentence, what is a substitute for “inert”?
“Stationary”, “immobile”, “motionless”, “dormant”or“inactive”?
(2.)In the second, what is a substitute for “stationary”? “
“Inert”, “immobile”, “motionless”, “dormant”, “static” or“inactive”?

3 Like their closer relatives, sea anemones are immobile.
These unique snakes remain motionless for eight months of the year inside deep crevices.

(1.)    In the first sentence, what is a substitute for “immobile”?
“Inert”, “stationary”, “motionless”, “dormant”, “static” or“inactive”?
(2.)    In the second, what is a substitute for “motionless”?
“Inert”, “stationary”, “immobile”, “dormant”, “static” or“inactive”?

4. Political science is concerned with the ways society allocates the right to use legitimate power.
He protested the verdict, claiming his arrest as not lawful.

(1.)    What is a substitute for “legitimate”? “Lawful”, “legal”, valid”, “proper”, “reasonable”, “sensible”, “justifiable” or “rightful”?
(2.)    In the second, what is a substitute for “lawful”?
“Legitimate”, “legal”, valid”, “proper”, “reasonable”, “sensible”, “justifiable” or “rightful”?

5. The Dutch parliament made euthanasia legal in 2001 after years of tolerating it quietly.
His passport was valid for three more years.


(1.)   What is a substitute for “legal” in the first sentence?  
What is a substitute for “legitimate”? “Lawful”, “legal”, valid”, “justifiable”, “constitutional” or “rightful”?
(2.)    What is a substitute for “valid” in the second? “Good”, “legal”, “lawful”, “legitimate”, “useful”, “effective”?

6. Soldiers must learn how to efficiently and properly disassemble their weapons.
The tectonic plate cracked as a result from the earthquake and tsunami last spring.

(1.)    In the first sentence, what is a substitute for “disassemble”? “Take apart”, “separate”, “disintegrate” or  what else?
(2.)    In the second, what is a substitute for “cracked”? “Burst”, “crashed”, “broke”, “popped”, disintegrated”?

Answer
1.Human babies do not have the innate ability to recognize facial expressions of emotion.
Human beings all have intrinsic value and possess a right to life that must be protected.


(1.)   What is a substitute for “innate” in the first sentence? “Inborn”, “inherent ”, “natural”
(2.)   What is a substitute for “intrinsic” in the second? “Innate”, “inborn”, “inherent”

2. If the toxic levels of mercury, which are kept inert in rocks, are released into the water, many fish species will die.
Detecting everything based on sound, frogs are actually blind to stationary insects.

(1.)In the first sentence, what is a substitute for “inert”? “inactive”?
(2.)In the second, what is a substitute for “stationary”? “immobile”, “motionless"

3 Like their closer relatives, sea anemones are immobile.
These unique snakes remain motionless for eight months of the year inside deep crevices.

(1.)    In the first sentence, what is a substitute for “immobile”? “motionless”
(2.)    In the second, what is a substitute for “motionless”? “immobile”, “dormant”

4. Political science is concerned with the ways society allocates the right to use legitimate power.
He protested the verdict, claiming his arrest as not lawful.

(1.)    What is a substitute for “legitimate”? “Lawful”, “legal”, valid”, “proper”, “reasonable”, “sensible”, “justifiable” or “rightful”
(2.)    In the second, what is a substitute for “lawful”?
“Legitimate”, “legal”, valid”, “proper”, “reasonable”, “sensible”, “justifiable” or “rightful”

5. The Dutch parliament made euthanasia legal in 2001 after years of tolerating it quietly.
His passport was valid for three more years.

(1.)   What is a substitute for “legal” in the first sentence?  constitutional, legitimate, statutory, valid
What is a substitute for “legitimate”? “Lawful”, “legal”, valid”, “justifiable”, “constitutional” or “rightful”? I don't know what sentence you have in mind here.......
(2.)    What is a substitute for “valid” in the second? “Good”, “useful”

6. Soldiers must learn how to efficiently and properly disassemble their weapons.
The tectonic plate cracked as a result from the earthquake and tsunami last spring.

(1.)    In the first sentence, what is a substitute for “disassemble”? “Take apart”
(2.)    In the second, what is a substitute for “cracked”? fractured  

English as a Second Language

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Amy Baker

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I can answer question about grammar, spelling, syntax, idioms, reading and/or writing that pertain to English as a Second Language. I am knowledgeable about both TOEFL and IELTS.

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