English as a Second Language/sentences

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Question
1. Frederick Taylor's pioneering work in the early 1900s initiated the modern day management style.
You need to press the on/off button to initiate the operating system before you enter the Windows.

Are both sentences grammatically correct?
(1.)    In the first sentence, what is a substitute for “initiated”? “Started”, “began”, “launched’, “trigger”, “pioneered”, “inaugurated”, “commenced” or “installed”?
(2.)    In the second, what is a substitute for “initiate”? “Start”, “begin”, “launch’, “trigger”,  “activate”“pioneer”or “install”?

2. The first newspaper published in the American colonies launched in Boston, Massachusetts in 1690.
Apple’s innovative products always pioneer new technology.

Are both sentences grammatically correct?
(1.)    In the first sentence, what is a substitute for “launched”? “Started”, “began”,  “pioneered”, “inaugurated”, “commenced” or “installed”?
(2.)    What is a substitute for “pioneer”in the second? “launch”? “Start”, “begin”,  “pioneer”, “inaugurate” or “commence” ?

3. John F. Kennedy was inaugurated into the oval office on January 23, 1961.
In 1936, Princess Elizabeth commenced studies in constitutional history and law to prepare for her future position as Queen.

(1.)    In the first sentence, what is a substitute for “inaugurated into”? “Opened”, “started”, “began”, ‘set up”, “commenced”or“launched”?
(2.)    In the second, what is a substitute for “commenced”? “Took up”, “undertook”, “started”, “began”, launched”or “initiated”?

4.
Students can take this class under the premise they have basic knowledge about English grammar.
  
The philosophy of democracy is based on the assumption that a million men are wiser that just one.

Are  both sentences grammatically correct?
(1.) In the first sentence, what is a substitute for “premise”? “Belief”, “theory”, “assumption”, “supposition”, “assertion”, presumption” or “proposition”?
(2.)    In the second, what is a substitute for “assumption”?  Belief”, “theory”, “premise”, “supposition”, “assertion”, presumption” or “proposition”?


5. Initially, the movie role was supposed to be given to her, but she had to back out due to scheduling conflicts.
The senator was primarily a family man who valued his home life and family connections tremendously.

(1.)   What is a substitute for “initially”in the first sentence? “Primarily”, “Originally”, “At first”, “in the first place”, “at the beginning”or ‘to begin with”?
(2.)    What is a substitute for “primarily”? “Basically”, “initially”, “mainly”, “originally”, “essentially”, “generally” or “chiefly”?

6.  Golf was originally played with a ball made of feathers.
The curator didn't notice the differences at first, but after examining the paintings for longer, she saw they were fakes.

(1.)    In the first sentence, what is substitute for “originally”?
“Primarily”,  “initially’,“originally”, “At first”, “in the first place”, “at the beginning”or  “to begin with”?

(2.) In the second, what is a substitute for “at first”? “Primarily”,  “initially’,“originally”, “in the first place”, “at the beginning”or  “to begin with”?

Answer
1. Frederick Taylor's pioneering work in the early 1900s initiated the modern day management style.
You need to press the on/off button to initiate the operating system before you enter the Windows.

Are both sentences grammatically correct?
(1.)    In the first sentence, what is a substitute for “initiated”? “Started”, “commenced”
(2.)    In the second, what is a substitute for “initiate”? “Start”,  “launch’

2. The first newspaper published in the American colonies launched in Boston, Massachusetts in 1690.
Apple’s innovative products always pioneer new technology.

Are both sentences grammatically correct? Yes
(1.)    In the first sentence, what is a substitute for “launched”? “Started”
(2.)    What is a substitute for “pioneer”in the second? Lay the groundwork.

3. John F. Kennedy was inaugurated into the oval office on January 23, 1961.
In 1936, Princess Elizabeth commenced studies in constitutional history and law to prepare for her future position as Queen.

(1.)    In the first sentence, what is a substitute for “inaugurated into”? Sworn into
(2.)    In the second, what is a substitute for “commenced”? “started”, “began”

4. Students can take this class under the premise they have basic knowledge about English grammar.
  
The philosophy of democracy is based on the assumption that a million men are wiser that just one.

Are  both sentences grammatically correct? Yes
(1.) In the first sentence, what is a substitute for “premise”? “assumption”, “assertion”, presumption”
(2.)    In the second, what is a substitute for “assumption”?  Belief”, “theory”, “premise”, “supposition”, " presumption”


5. Initially, the movie role was supposed to be given to her, but she had to back out due to scheduling conflicts.
The senator was primarily a family man who valued his home life and family connections tremendously.

(1.)   What is a substitute for “initially”in the first sentence?  “Originally”, “At first”, “in the first place”, “at the beginning”or ‘to begin with”
(2.)    What is a substitute for "primarily"? First of all, first and foremost.

6. Golf was originally played with a ball made of feathers.
The curator didn't notice the differences at first, but after examining the paintings for longer, she saw they were fakes.

(1.)    In the first sentence, what is substitute for “originally”?  “initially’, “At first”, “at the beginning”

(2.) In the second, what is a substitute for “at first”?  “initially’,  “in the beginning”

English as a Second Language

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Amy Baker

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I can answer question about grammar, spelling, syntax, idioms, reading and/or writing that pertain to English as a Second Language. I am knowledgeable about both TOEFL and IELTS.

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I'm a certified ESL teacher with 12 years of experience teaching K-12 and adults.

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