English as a Second Language/sentences

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Question
1. The herbaceous vegetation on the ground provides sustenance for the lowland gorillas.
Milk is an essential source of nourishment for newborn infants.

(1.)    In the first sentence, what is a substitute for “sustenance”?
“Nourishment”, “nutrients”, “food”, “livelihood” , “nutrition” or “maintenance”?
(2.)    What is a substitute for “nourishment” in the second?
“Sustenance”, “nutrients”, “food”, “livelihood” , “nutrition”, “energy
“, “diet” or “maintenance”?
(3.)    In the first sentence, does it mean the same if I replace “vegetation” with “vegetables”?


2. A nocturnal animal will forage for food only at night.
The tenets of the religion focus on harmony with nature and the self.

(1.)   What is a substitute for “food”?
“Sustenance”, “nutrients”, “meals”, “prey” , “nutrition”, “, “diet” or “meat”?
(2.)    In the second, what is a substitute for “tenets”?
“Principles”, “doctrine”, “dogma”, “faith”, “teachings”, “assumption”, “rules”, “creed”or “theory”?
(3.)   What is meant by “the self”? “A person’s character”?

3. Each of these industries is based on a principle of high productivity.
St. Augustine wrote four books on Christian doctrine.


(1.)    What is a substitute for “principle”?
“tenet”, “doctrine”, “dogma”, “faith”, “an idea”, “an assumption”, “rule”, “law”, “basis”, “foundation”or “belief”?
(2.)    What is a substitute for “doctrine”?
“Tenet”, “concept”, “dogma”, “faith”, “conviction”, “assumption”, “rules”, “laws”, “basis”, “foundation”, “conviction” or “belief”?

4.
It is the liberal party's dogma that the state should provide social security for its citizens.
Mercury was widely used in medieval medicine and alchemy, albeit in small doses.


(1.)    In the first sentence, what is a substitute for “dogma”?
“Tenet”, “concept”, “doctrine”, “faith”, “conviction”, “assumption”, “rule”, “law”, “basis”, “foundation”, “conviction” or “belief”?
(2.)    What is a substitute for “albeit”? “although”, “even though”, “despite”, “in spite of”, “regardless of”, “even if”, “but” or “whereas”?

5. Even though he disagreed with her, he could not dispute her facts.
Some deep-sea fish glow by means of a coating of luminous slime on their scales.

(1.)    What is a substitute for “even though”?
“Albeit”, “although”, “while”, “even if”, “whereas”?

(2.)    In the second, what is a substitute for “luminous”?

“Radiant”, “glowing”, “shining”, “bright”, “vivid”, “lucid”, “lustrous”, “flashing” or “gleaming”?
(3.)    In the second, what is another way to say “by means of a coating of luminous slime on their scales”?

6.
The radiant halo has been used in artwork for at least fifteen centuries to represent divinity.

One of the most popular aquarium fish is the African Cichlid with its vivid yellow color and black fins.


(1.)    What is a substitute for “radiant”in the first sentence?
“Luminous”, “beaming”, “glittering”“glowing”, “shining”, “bright”, “lucid”, “lustrous”, “flashing” or “gleaming”?

(2.)    What is a substitute for “vivid”?

“Colorful”, “lively”, “lifelike”,“Luminous”, “beaming”, “glittering”“glowing”, “shining”, “bright”, “lucid”, “lustrous”, “flashing” or “gleaming”?

Answer
1. The herbaceous vegetation on the ground provides sustenance for the lowland gorillas.
Milk is an essential source of nourishment for newborn infants.

(1.)    In the first sentence, what is a substitute for “sustenance”?
“Nourishment”, “nutrients”, “food”, “nutrition"
(2.)    What is a substitute for “nourishment” in the second?
“Sustenance”, “nutrients”, “food”, “nutrition"
(3.)    In the first sentence, does it mean the same if I replace “vegetation” with “vegetables”? No


2. A nocturnal animal will forage for food only at night.
The tenets of the religion focus on harmony with nature and the self.

(1.)   What is a substitute for “food”? None of your suggestions work for me. Food is food here!
(2.)    In the second, what is a substitute for “tenets”?
“Principles”, “doctrine”, “dogma”, “teachings”, “rules”, “creed”
(3.)   What is meant by “the self”? “A person’s character”? No, just the person itself

3. Each of these industries is based on a principle of high productivity.
St. Augustine wrote four books on Christian doctrine.


(1.)    What is a substitute for “principle”?
“an idea”, “rule”, “foundation”
(2.)    What is a substitute for “doctrine”?
“Tenet”, “dogma”, faith

4. It is the liberal party's dogma that the state should provide social security for its citizens.
Mercury was widely used in medieval medicine and alchemy, albeit in small doses.


(1.)    In the first sentence, what is a substitute for “dogma”?
“Tenet”, “concept”, “doctrine”, “rule”, “law”, “conviction” or “belief”
(2.)    What is a substitute for “albeit”? “although”, “even though”, “but”

5. Even though he disagreed with her, he could not dispute her facts.
Some deep-sea fish glow by means of a coating of luminous slime on their scales.

(1.)    What is a substitute for “even though”?
“Albeit”, “although”, “while”, “even if”

(2.)    In the second, what is a substitute for “luminous”?

“Radiant”, “glowing”, “shining”, “bright”,“flashing"
(3.)    In the second, what is another way to say “by means of a coating of luminous slime on their scales”? Due to a shining coating on their scales

6.
The radiant halo has been used in artwork for at least fifteen centuries to represent divinity.
One of the most popular aquarium fish is the African Cichlid with its vivid yellow color and black fins.


(1.)    What is a substitute for “radiant”in the first sentence?
“Luminous”, “glowing”, “shining”, “bright”
(2.) What is a substitute for “vivid”?
“Colorful”, "glowing”, “shining”, “bright”


Out of curiosity Oppo, where do you get all these synonyms from?  

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