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QUESTION: Hi Amy,

I rated your previous answer. I will discuss previous topic in detail. it was very tricky subject. I am learning advanced English. I want to ask that when to use article "The" before nouns and adjectives? I am confused. Let's take a look at the following sentences:-



1a) The apples are good for your health.


1b) Apples are good for your health.


1c) Are apples good for our health?


1d) Are the apples good for our health?


1e) Do the apples give health benefits to us?


1f) Do apples give health benefits to us?


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2a) Does the website say it all?


2b) Does the website says it all?


2c) Does website say it all?


2d) Does website says it all?


2c) Do websites say it all?


2d) Do the websites say it all?


2e) Do the websites says it all?


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3a) The previous version of the phone was better.

3b) The previous version of phone was better.

3c) Previous version of the phone was better.

3d) Previous version of phone was better.

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4a) This had an impact on the future.


4b) This had an impact on future.

------------------------------------------------------------------

Thanks.

ANSWER: Hello Den,

articles this time...let's see.


1a) The apples are good for your health. >>> incorrect

1b) Apples are good for your health.>>> correct

1c) Are apples good for our health? >>> correct

1d) Are the apples good for our health? >>> incorrect

1e) Do the apples give health benefits to us?>>> incorrect

1f) Do apples give health benefits to us? >>> correct

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2a) Does the website say it all? >>> correct (this has to do with the proper use of the present tense interrogative as well)

2b) Does the website says it all? >>> incorrect

2c) Does website say it all? >>> incorrect

2d) Does website says it all? >>> incorrect

2c) Do websites say it all? >>> correct

2d) Do the websites say it all? >>> correct

2e) Do the websites says it all? >>> incorrect

------------------------------------------------------------------

3a) The previous version of the phone was better. >>> correct

3b) The previous version of phone was better. >>> incorrect

3c) Previous version of the phone was better. >>> incorrect

3d) Previous version of phone was better. >>> incorrect

------------------------------------------------------------------

4a) This had an impact on the future. >>> correct

4b) This had an impact on future. >>> incorrect


------------------------------------------------------------------

I hope this answers your question.

The link below might also come in handy

http://www.writing.utoronto.ca/advice/english-as-a-second-language/definite-arti

Best,

Amy

---------- FOLLOW-UP ----------

QUESTION: Respected Amy,

Thanks a lot for your answer. I just want to ask one more question that when to put a comma before inverted commas?

For example,

"If you can change your mind, you can change your life" is a famous saying, and most of us are familiar with it.


In the above sentence, I omitted the comma after life in the inverted commas.

If I were to insert comma, it would be like this:-

"If you can change your mind, you can change your life," is a famous saying, and most of us are familiar with it.

Note:- There is a comma after "life" in the inverted commas.

My question is about when to use comma before "is" in inverted commas, as mentioned in my example. Should there be NO comma before "is" in the inverted commas?


Secondly, people say that there should always be a comma when there is a pause in a sentence. Is it true?

For example,

In some religions, pork is prohibited.

Or it should be

In some religions pork is prohibited.

Should there be a comma when the writer thinks that there is a pause in the sentence?


Thanks, Amy.

Answer
Den,

Interesting questions.

Before I answer them, a few things. It's much easier for me (and for you) if you start a new question instead of a follow up one particularly since the new questions you have are unrelated to the original topic. Also, you have two different questions in your latest message to me and it would be a lot easier for me to address them if you had asked them separately...trying to make my life easier here :) .

q1. Comma and inverted commas (aka quotation marks)

In American English we use commas (and periods) inside the quotation marks.

In your sentence

"If you can change your mind you can change your life" is a famous saying, and most of us are familiar with it.

there is NO need for a comma after "life". You never put a comma between the subject and the verb in a sentence, which is pretty much the situation here - the quote is the subject of the sentence.

commas and quotation marks helpful links:

http://grammar.ccc.commnet.edu/grammar/marks/quotation.htm

http://grammartips.homestead.com/inside.html


q2. In some religions, pork is prohibited. This is correct.
You need a comma between religions and pork, because you're setting off some introductory elements/information here.

See this link for more info on the topic:

http://grammar.ccc.commnet.edu/grammar/commas_intro.htm

If you say "Pork is prohibited in some religions." then there is no need for a comma.

use of commas helpful links:

http://grammar.ccc.commnet.edu/grammar/commas.htm

http://www.businessinsider.com/a-guide-to-proper-comma-use-2013-9

I hope this helps.

Best,

Amy

English as a Second Language

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