English as a Second Language/comma question

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Question
Hello,
I would like to know if there should be a comma before "which" on the following sentence:
"You are however paid an arrival allowance which you can use towards this."

Shouldn't it be the following?
1. You are however paid an arrival allowance, which you can use towards this.
or
2. You are however paid an arrival allowance wthat you can use towards this.

Thanks

Answer
Hello Alves,

First of all, let me explain to you the difference between restrictive and non-restrictive clauses.

A restrictive clause is just part of a sentence you canít get rid of because it specifically restricts the noun. On the other hand, a non-restrictive clause is a part of a sentence that can be left off without changing the meaning of the sentence, in other words, additional information.

Nonrestrictive clauses are surrounded by commas, while restrictive clauses are not.

In my opinion, in your sentences above, "which you can use towards this" is a restrictive clause, so your sentence should read:

You are however paid an arrival allowance which/that you can use towards this.

http://www.grammar-monster.com/lessons/which_that_who_comma_or_not.htm
http://www.quickanddirtytips.com/education/grammar/which-versus-that
http://www.quickanddirtytips.com/education/grammar/which-versus-that?page=1

I hope this helps.

Best,  

English as a Second Language

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