English as a Second Language/word choice

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Question
1.   
Wasn’t anyone waiting for you when you arrived?

(1.)In the sentence, may I say “Didn’t anyone wait for you when you arrived” or “Didn’t anyone wait for you to arrive”?  What is the difference?

After years of practice, I’ve learned how to swim.

(2.) Does it mean the same if I say “..I’ve learned to swim.”?


2.Sales have been growing steadily for the company over the past few months.

(1.) Does it mean the same if say, “Sales have been progressively increasing for the company over the past few months”?

 I feel the wind blowing on my face.

(2.)    In the sentence, the verb “feel” is followed by the object (the wind) and then the gerund (blowing).  I wonder if it is possible to use a gerund right after the verb “feel” without an object in between.


3. Did you incorporate all my recommendations?

(1.)   What can be taken in place of “incorporate”? “Put together”?
(2.)   In what context do people say this?

4.   
I am angry that I failed the exam.

(1.)Does it mean the same if I say “I am angry about failing the exam”?

I dare you to do better than I have done.
I challenge you to do better than I have done.

(2.) Are both sentences close in meaning?


5.I missed meeting Jane because I was asleep

(1.) Does “missed” here imply “failing to meet Jane”?  Can I leave out “meeting”?


Jane passed away last week. I miss meeting and hugging her every day.

(2.) In this case, doe “miss” imply “feel sad about something”?

Answer
1.    
Wasn’t anyone waiting for you when you arrived?

(1.)In the sentence, may I say “Didn’t anyone wait for you when you arrived” or “Didn’t anyone wait for you to arrive”?  What is the difference? Yes you can, no significant difference


After years of practice, I’ve learned how to swim.

(2.) Does it mean the same if I say “..I’ve learned to swim.”? yes


2.Sales have been growing steadily for the company over the past few months.

(1.) Does it mean the same if say, “Sales have been progressively increasing for the company over the past few months”? yes

 I feel the wind blowing on my face.

(2.)    In the sentence, the verb “feel” is followed by the object (the wind) and then the gerund (blowing).  I wonder if it is possible to use a gerund right after the verb “feel” without an object in between.

Do you have a specific example in mind? Your question is a bit too general. Feel free to follow up on this.


3. Did you incorporate all my recommendations?

(1.)    What can be taken in place of “incorporate”? “Put together”? no, incorporate here means include
(2.)    In what context do people say this? This can be appropriate when asking a student if his/her finished project/assignment included all the recommendations a teacher gave; or when a project manager is asking his coworkers if they included all his/her recommendations when working on a project.

4.    
I am angry that I failed the exam.

(1.)Does it mean the same if I say “I am angry about failing the exam”? yes

I dare you to do better than I have done.
I challenge you to do better than I have done.

(2.) Are both sentences close in meaning? yes


5.I missed meeting Jane because I was asleep.

(1.) Does “missed” here imply “failing to meet Jane”?  yes
Can I leave out “meeting”? you could but some may find the sentence ambiguous.


Jane passed away last week. I miss meeting and hugging her every day.

(2.) In this case, doe “miss” imply “feel sad about something”? yes  

English as a Second Language

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Amy Baker

Expertise

I can answer question about grammar, spelling, syntax, idioms, reading and/or writing that pertain to English as a Second Language. I am knowledgeable about both TOEFL and IELTS.

Experience

I'm a certified ESL teacher with 12 years of experience teaching K-12 and adults.

Education/Credentials
BSc MEd TESL post grad program for k-12 TESL post grad program for adult ed

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