English as a Second Language/word choice

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Question
1.   
When you study English, you should learn the specific meaning of each word.

(1.)In the sentence, may I say also, “…learn the specific meanings of vocabulary words”?

John is well-liked by his friends because of his generous character.

(2.)What is the difference if I say “…because of his generosity”?


2.   
Activities in the classroom are regulated by the teacher.

(1.) May I say also, “…are regulated by the rules set up by the teacher”?

  The country of Sudan has suffered from famine for many years.

(2.)May I replace “famine” with “starvation” in the sentence? What is the difference?


3. Thousands of Sudanese people have died of starvation.

(1.)May I replace “starvation” with “famine”? What is the difference?

   Cancer normally goes through different phases. Phase 4 is the final stage.

(2.)Does it mean the same if I replace “stage” with “step”?


4.Employees were asked not to travel during the outbreak of SARS, so they wouldn’t’ t catch the disease and infect others.

(1.)In the sentence, may I say also, “…they wouldn’t contract and spread the disease”?

When you have a cut, you should keep the wound clean. Failure to do so may increase the risk of infection.

(2.)In the sentence, may I say, “Failure to do so may lead to/cause infection”?

5. The company is short of hands during the economic recession.

(1.) Does it mean the same if I replace “short of hands” with “short staffed”?
  

  The team plays outstanding defense.

(2.)May I say also, “The team is strong/ outstanding in (on) defense”?

Answer
1.   
When you study English, you should learn the specific meaning of each word.

(1.)In the sentence, may I say also, “…learn the specific meanings of vocabulary words”? yes

John is well-liked by his friends because of his generous character.

(2.)What is the difference if I say “…because of his generosity”? no difference


2.   
Activities in the classroom are regulated by the teacher.

(1.) May I say also, “…are regulated by the rules set up by the teacher”? yes

 The country of Sudan has suffered from famine for many years.

(2.)May I replace “famine” with “starvation” in the sentence? no
What is the difference? famine is a severe shortage of food, starvation is a state of hunger caused by the lack of food. The two aren't synonyms.


3. Thousands of Sudanese people have died of starvation.

(1.)May I replace “starvation” with “famine”? no
What is the difference? see above

  Cancer normally goes through different phases. Phase 4 is the final stage.

(2.)Does it mean the same if I replace “stage” with “step”? not here


4.Employees were asked not to travel during the outbreak of SARS, so they wouldn’t catch the disease and infect others.

(1.)In the sentence, may I say also, “…they wouldn’t contract and spread the disease”? yes

When you have a cut, you should keep the wound clean. Failure to do so may increase the risk of infection.

(2.)In the sentence, may I say, “Failure to do so may lead to/cause infection”? yes

5. The company is short of hands during the economic recession.

(1.) Does it mean the same if I replace “short of hands” with “short staffed”? yes
 

 The team plays outstanding defense.

(2.)May I say also, “The team is strong/ outstanding on defense”? yes

English as a Second Language

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Amy Baker

Expertise

I can answer question about grammar, spelling, syntax, idioms, reading and/or writing that pertain to English as a Second Language. I am knowledgeable about both TOEFL and IELTS.

Experience

I'm a certified ESL teacher with 12 years of experience teaching K-12 and adults.

Education/Credentials
BSc MEd TESL post grad program for k-12 TESL post grad program for adult ed

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