English as a Second Language/word choices

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Question
1.Mr. Saito always has coffee when he gets to work.

What can be taken in place of “has” and “gets to work”? “Drinks” and “arrives at work”?


2. We have not exported to the European Union before
We have never exported to the European Union before.

What is the difference between the two?

3.I didn’t go to the party because I felt sick.
I didn’t go to the party because I am feeling sick.

What is the difference between the two?

4. The visitors were disappointed that nobody greeted them at reception.
The visitors were disappointed when nobody greeted them at reception.

What is the difference between the two? Can I leave out “that’ in the first sentence?

5.Brendon hadn’t finished his work when I called him late last night.
Brendon hadn’t finished his work until I called him late last night.
Brendon hadn’t finished his work until late last night

(1.)   What’s the difference between the first and second sentence?  
(2.)    Is the third sentence incorrect? If it is, why?

Answer
1.Mr. Saito always has coffee when he gets to work.

What can be taken in place of “has” and “gets to work”? “Drinks” and “arrives at work”? yes


2. We have not exported to the European Union before
We have never exported to the European Union before.

What is the difference between the two? none

3.I didn’t go to the party because I felt sick.
I didn’t go to the party because I am feeling sick.

What is the difference between the two?
1st implies that you were sick in the past but feeling better now
2nd implies that you were sick when the party was happening and you're still sick

4. The visitors were disappointed that nobody greeted them at reception.
The visitors were disappointed when nobody greeted them at reception.

What is the difference between the two? none
Can I leave out “that’ in the first sentence? if you do, then your one sentence becomes two sentences: The visitors were disappointed. Nobody greeted them at reception. Also when you do this the meaning changes. It's no longer implied that the visitors were disappointed because they were not properly greeted.


5.Brendon hadn’t finished his work when I called him late last night.
Brendon hadn’t finished his work until I called him late last night.
Brendon hadn’t finished his work until late last night

(1.)   What’s the difference between the first and second sentence?  The first means that Brendon was still working when you called him last night, while the second implies that Brendon just finished is work when you called.
(2.)   Is the third sentence incorrect? If it is, why? 3rd sentence is correct.

You can read more about the Past Perfect Tense here: http://www.englishpage.com/verbpage/pastperfect.html  

English as a Second Language

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Amy Baker

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I can answer question about grammar, spelling, syntax, idioms, reading and/or writing that pertain to English as a Second Language. I am knowledgeable about both TOEFL and IELTS.

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