English as a Second Language/word choices

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Question
1. My office looks onto the street, so it is not as quiet as yours.
  My office looks onto the street, so it is less quiet than yours.

Do both sentences mean the same? What can be taken in place of “looks into”? “Faces”?

2.If you feel worse tomorrow than you do today, you should take the day off.
  If you get sicker tomorrow, you should take the day off.
If you become more ill tomorrow, you should take the day off.

Do they have the same meaning?


3. Neither hotel has any vacancies.
Both hotels have no vacancies.
None of the two hotels have vacancies.
Either hotel has no vacancies.

Do they all have the same meaning?

4.Julie was away last week, so she could not have heard the news.
Julie was away last week, so she must not have heard the news.
Julie was away last week, so she must have missed the news.

What is the difference among the three?


5. You cannot park in front of the fire escape.
You must not park in front of the fire escape.

Do “cannot” and “must not”both indicate “permission”(forbidden)? What is the difference between the two?

Answer
1. My office looks onto the street, so it is not as quiet as yours.
 My office looks onto the street, so it is less quiet than yours.

Do both sentences mean the same? yes
What can be taken in place of “looks into”? “Faces”? yes

2.If you feel worse tomorrow than you do today, you should take the day off.
 If you get sicker tomorrow, you should take the day off. >>> incorrect, should read"feel sicker"
If you become more ill tomorrow, you should take the day off.

Do they have the same meaning? yes with the correction I made above


3. Neither hotel has any vacancies. >>> correct
Both hotels have no vacancies. >>> incorrect
None of the two hotels have vacancies. >>> this is my choice of wording
Either hotel has no vacancies. >>> incorrect

Do they all have the same meaning? the 1st and 3rd do

4.Julie was away last week, so she could not have heard the news.
Julie was away last week, so she must not have heard the news.
Julie was away last week, so she must have missed the news.

What is the difference among the three? no significant difference


5. You cannot park in front of the fire escape.
You must not park in front of the fire escape.

Do “cannot” and “must not”both indicate “permission”(forbidden)? it depends
What is the difference between the two?
cannot means that you're not allowed to, but it can also mean that there is something that might physically prevent you from parking in front of the fire escape;
must not is a "stronger" expression than cannot, meaning it's strictly forbidden to park there
It all depends on the context.

I hope this is helping.

Amy

English as a Second Language

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Amy Baker

Expertise

I can answer question about grammar, spelling, syntax, idioms, reading and/or writing that pertain to English as a Second Language. I am knowledgeable about both TOEFL and IELTS.

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I'm a certified ESL teacher with 12 years of experience teaching K-12 and adults.

Education/Credentials
BSc MEd TESL post grad program for k-12 TESL post grad program for adult ed

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