English as a Second Language/word choices

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Question
1. Everything I know about computers I taught myself.
I taught myself everything I know about computers.

Do both have the same meaning? I wonder under what circumstances we would use the first version instead of the second one.


2.What time is Mrs. Ono coming?
What time will Mrs. Ono come?

Is there any difference between the two?


3.Mr. Denny called to say the package has not arrived yet.
Mr. Denny called to say the package hadn’t arrived yet.

What is the difference between the two?

4. Would it be ok if I placed “you sent” after “package” in each of the above sentences?

Mr. Denny called to say the package you sent has not arrived yet.
Mr. Denny called to say the package you sent hadn’t arrived yet.

If they are incorrect, how do I correct them?


5.Brendon hadn’t finished work when I called him late last night.
Brendon hadn’t finished work until I called him late last night.

Is the first sentence correct and the second one incorrect? Is it always wrong to use the pattern “…hadn’t…until…”?

Answer
1. Everything I know about computers, I taught myself.
I taught myself everything I know about computers.

Do both have the same meaning? yes (you need a comma before I though)
I wonder under what circumstances we would use the first version instead of the second one. It pretty much depends on the speaker, there are no rules about this. Most native speakers would probably prefer the second version as that uses a typical English sentence structure.


2.What time is Mrs. Ono coming?
What time will Mrs. Ono come?

Is there any difference between the two? none


3.Mr. Denny called to say the package has not arrived yet.
Mr. Denny called to say the package hadn’t arrived yet.

What is the difference between the two?
The first is incorrect
You should use the Past Perfect in the subordinate clause to show an earlier action
The Past Perfect expresses the idea that something occurred (or didn't occur) before another action in the past. It can also show that something happened before a specific time in the past.

4. Would it be ok if I placed “you sent” after “package” in each of the above sentences?

Mr. Denny called to say the package you sent has not arrived yet.
Mr. Denny called to say the package you sent hadn’t arrived yet.

If they are incorrect, how do I correct them?
Yes but again, only the second sentence is correct.


5.Brendon hadn’t finished work when I called him late last night.
Brendon hadn’t finished work until I called him late last night.

Is the first sentence correct and the second one incorrect? They're both correct, if you change "work" to read "his work" or "working"  
Is it always wrong to use the pattern “…hadn’t…until…”? No. Here is another example:
I hadn't thought of that until now.

Best,

Amy

English as a Second Language

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Amy Baker

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I can answer question about grammar, spelling, syntax, idioms, reading and/or writing that pertain to English as a Second Language. I am knowledgeable about both TOEFL and IELTS.

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I'm a certified ESL teacher with 12 years of experience teaching K-12 and adults.

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BSc MEd TESL post grad program for k-12 TESL post grad program for adult ed

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