English as a Second Language/word choice

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Question
1. Julia’s classmates ____________ her because she doesn’t do well on tests. She gets angry every time they laugh at her.

What could be filled in the blank? “Look down on”, “despise” or “make fun of”?


2.The merciless mother doesn’t seem to have any affection for her little daughter.

What can be taken in place of “merciless” and “affection”?  “Cold-hearted” or “heartless” for “merciless”. “Concern”, “love” or “compassion” for “affection.”


3.Feeling guilty about having an affair, John made a confession to his wife.

In the sentence, may I say, “Because he felt guilty about having an affair…”?

4.
M: Do you get everything ready for the trip?
W: Yes, all the flights and hotels have been booked.

In the conversation, does it mean the same if I replace “booked” with “reserved”?


5.All the ideas will be put forward before we make a decision.

What can be taken in place of “put forward”?  “Considered” ,“suggested” or “proposed”?


6. Your idea is great, but it’s not easy to carry out.

What can be taken in place of “carry out”? “Execute” or what else?

7.When do you want to meet? Let’s set up a date.

What is the difference if I say, “fix up a date”?


8.I don’t know why the door remains open.

Can I use “opened” instead of “open”? What is the difference?

9.Since you have made a promise, you shouldn’t go back on your word.

What can be taken in place of “go back on”? “Break” or what else?

10.
He went through with the wedding ceremony even though he was in a lot of pain.
I had no choice but to go through with it.

What can be taken in place of “go/went through with” in each of the sentences?

Answer
1. Julia’s classmates ____________ her because she doesn’t do well on tests. She gets angry every time they laugh at her.

What could be filled in the blank? “Look down on”, “despise” or “make fun of”?
Make fun of is the option that makes the most sense to me


2.The merciless mother doesn’t seem to have any affection for her little daughter.

What can be taken in place of “merciless” and “affection”?  “Cold-hearted” or “heartless” for “merciless”. “Concern”, “love” or “compassion” for “affection.” yes to all except for concern.


3.Feeling guilty about having an affair, John made a confession to his wife.

In the sentence, may I say, “Because he felt guilty about having an affair…”? yes

4.
M: Do you get everything ready for the trip?
W: Yes, all the flights and hotels have been booked.

In the conversation, does it mean the same if I replace “booked” with “reserved”? yes


5.All the ideas will be put forward before we make a decision.

What can be taken in place of “put forward”?  “Considered” ,“suggested” or “proposed”? considered is probably the best substitute here.


6. Your idea is great, but it’s not easy to carry out.

What can be taken in place of “carry out”? “Execute” or what else? accomplish,implement, finalize.

7.When do you want to meet? Let’s set up a date.

What is the difference if I say, “fix up a date”? none, but set up is more common.


8.I don’t know why the door remains open.

Can I use “opened” instead of “open”? What is the difference?
If you use "opened" that sounds like a passive voice sentence and it would be incomplete/incorrect. I mean you'd need to add info about why the door remains opened or anyway, more info... something along the lines of

I don't know why the door remains opened automatically every time it rains. (bad example but I hope you get the point)

9.Since you have made a promise, you shouldn’t go back on your word.

What can be taken in place of “go back on”? “Break” or what else? walk out on it, instead of go back on your word.

10.
He went through with the wedding ceremony even though he was in a lot of pain.
I had no choice but to go through with it.

What can be taken in place of “go/went through with” in each of the sentences? withstand/withstood  

English as a Second Language

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Amy Baker

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I can answer question about grammar, spelling, syntax, idioms, reading and/or writing that pertain to English as a Second Language. I am knowledgeable about both TOEFL and IELTS.

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I'm a certified ESL teacher with 12 years of experience teaching K-12 and adults.

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