English as a Second Language/word choice

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Question
1.
M: Excuse me, Is that seat occupied?
W:(1.) Yes, my friend will come back soon.
  (2.) Take it if you want.

I wonder if the second response is also acceptable in the conversation. Please advise.


2.
M: Thirty more minutes to go. Then, we will see the beach.

Does the speaker imply they are on the way to the beach and they will arrive in thirty minutes?  Is he driving or on a train or bus?



3.
W: Jack, I am getting promoted, but this information is still under wraps.
M: I got it. My lips are sealed.

What is another way to say “this information is still under wraps” and “My lips are sealed”?

“This information is still not made public” and “I won’t tell anyone”?

4.
M: The manager announced my promotion during the meeting.
W: Well done, Mark! But don’t let it go to your head.

What is another way to say “don’t let it go to your head”?
“Don’t get a big head” or “don’t be cocky.”

5.
M1: I want ask Eliza out. Can you give me some advice?
M2: Which Eliza? The blonde Eliza in my class?
M1: Bingo. What’s the chance of getting a date with her?
M2: Not on your life!

In the conversation, what might be inferred about Eliza?
(1.) She is all but ordinary.
(2.) She is the ideal girl for one of the speakers.

Are both statements true?


6.
M: I slipped up and lost the match. It was frustrating.
   W: (1.) That’s Okay. Just don’t repeat your mistakes next time.
       (2.)  Cheer up! We still have a long way to go.

I wonder if the second response is acceptable in this conversation or should I change “we” to “you”?

7.
M: This is the third time this week that you’ve showed up late. You’d better shape up or ship out.

W:  (1.) Sorry, I will be punctual starting tomorrow.
   (2. )  I promise to do my best not to be late again.

(1.) Are both responses acceptable in the conversation?
(2.) What is another way to say "shape up" and "ship out"?


8. W: I can’t stand my sister anymore. She is a fusspot.  She always makes mountains out of molehills.
M: She doesn’t meat to. Perhaps it’s just her nature.
W: Do you really think so? She is always upset and claims we don’t love her whenever we leave her home alone.

(1.)  In the conversation, does it mean the same if I say “She likes to make a fuss” instead of “She is a fusspot”?

(2.)  What can be taken in place of “her nature”?  “Her personality”?

9.
M: I haven’t seen you drink a cup of milk tea today.
 W: Your are right. I’m off it now.
 M: How many days now?
 W: Three including today.
 M: Hang in there! It’s good for you.

What is another way to say “I’m off it now” and “hang in there”?

10.
M: This procedure may not work. We’d better have a backup plan.

W: (1.) It’s like “sink or swim.” This procedure must be a  success.
    (2.) We’re at a dead end. We’d better give up.

   Are both of W’s responses acceptable in the conversation?

Answer
1.
M: Excuse me, Is that seat occupied?
W:(1.) Yes, my friend will come back soon.
 (2.) Take it if you want.

I wonder if the second response is also acceptable in the conversation. Please advise.
I'd say - No, you can have it if you want. or It's all yours.


2.
M: Thirty more minutes to go. Then, we will see the beach.

Does the speaker imply they are on the way to the beach and they will arrive in thirty minutes?  not necessarily that they're on the way to the beach, but that they'll see the beach in 30 min.

Is he driving or on a train or bus? no way to tell. They could be on a boat, they could be walking... etc



3.
W: Jack, I am getting promoted, but this information is still under wraps.
M: I got it. My lips are sealed.

What is another way to say “this information is still under wraps” and “My lips are sealed”?

“This information is still not public” and “I won’t tell anyone/a soul; I won't say a word”?

4.
M: The manager announced my promotion during the meeting.
W: Well done, Mark! But don’t let it go to your head.

What is another way to say “don’t let it go to your head”? I'd stick to the original, or I'd say "don't get become too proud" which would sound quite unnatural
“Don’t get a big head” or “don’t be cocky.” these wont' work for me

5.
M1: I want to ask Eliza out. Can you give me some advice?
M2: Which Eliza? The blonde Eliza in my class?
M1: Bingo. What’s the chance of getting a date with her?
M2: Not on your life!

In the conversation, what might be inferred about Eliza?
(1.) She is all but ordinary.>>> probably not
(2.) She is the ideal girl for one of the speakers. >>> not really

Are both statements true? no

I'm afraid this is ambiguous so please feel free to follow up with me


6.
M: I slipped up and lost the match. It was frustrating.
   W: (1.) That’s Okay. Just don’t repeat your mistakes next time.
       (2.)  Cheer up! We still have a long way to go.

I wonder if the second response is acceptable in this conversation or should I change “we” to “you”? Yes it's acceptable and I see no reason to change "we" to "you"

7.
M: This is the third time this week that you’ve showed up late. You’d better shape up or ship out.

W:  (1.) Sorry, I will be punctual starting tomorrow.
   (2. )  I promise to do my best not to be late again.

(1.) Are both responses acceptable in the conversation? yes
(2.) What is another way to say "shape up" and "ship out"? improve or get out


8. W: I can’t stand my sister anymore. She is a fusspot.  She always makes mountains out of molehills.
M: She doesn’t meat to. Perhaps it’s just her nature.
W: Do you really think so? She is always upset and claims we don’t love her whenever we leave her home alone.

(1.)  In the conversation, does it mean the same if I say “She likes to make a fuss” instead of “She is a fusspot”? yes

(2.)  What can be taken in place of “her nature”?  “Her personality”? yes

9.
M: I haven’t seen you drink a cup of milk tea today.
 W: Your are right. I’m off it now.
 M: How many days now?
 W: Three including today.
 M: Hang in there! It’s good for you.

What is another way to say “I’m off it now” and “hang in there”? I stopped doing that, and tough it out

10.
M: This procedure may not work. We’d better have a backup plan.

W: (1.) It’s like “sink or swim.” This procedure must be a  success.
   (2.) We’re at a dead end. We’d better give up.

   Are both of W’s responses acceptable in the conversation? (2) doesn't really make sense unless there is more context to the conversation  

English as a Second Language

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Amy Baker

Expertise

I can answer question about grammar, spelling, syntax, idioms, reading and/or writing that pertain to English as a Second Language. I am knowledgeable about both TOEFL and IELTS.

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I'm a certified ESL teacher with 12 years of experience teaching K-12 and adults.

Education/Credentials
BSc MEd TESL post grad program for k-12 TESL post grad program for adult ed

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