Hi Damon,

I need to create an auditing tool in EXCEL 2010. The tool will have a list of tier 1 questions and the answer to these questions will be Yes/No/Not Applicable. If "Yes" is answered for a particular question, then the tool will further ask more questions (tier 2) related to the original question. The new (tier 2) questions should appear nested/as a tree below the original (tier 1) question. If "No/Not Applicable" is answered to the original tier 1 question, then no action needs to be taken and the auditor moves to the next tier 1 question in the list.

I was thinking about some macro that gets activated when the user types "Yes" to the original tier 1 questions. However the macro should not activate when answering "Yes" to tier 2 questions.

Hello Snigdha,

What you describe does not require a macro.  However, it can be accomplished in many ways, including using macros and userforms.  But because you have only two tiers I believe the simplest way is to use cell formulas aided by a simple user-defined function which I call CASES.  It is a bit difficult to describe this method here, but if you would like to follow up with your email address I will send you a simple example that illustrates how to do this. Or you can email me at VBAexpert@myway.com and I will reply with the example.

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Damon Ostrander


I have extensive experience with VBA programming in Excel 5 through Excel 2013. As a former aerospace engineer with a large aerospace corporation and consultant in a small defense technology services company, I have developed a wide range of applications in VBA, including simulations involving mixed-language programming, satellite orbit mechanics, graphics and animation, and real-time applications. I am interested in moderate to hard VBA-related questions only.


I have developed and taught several courses in Excel VBA programming and also VBA programming in Office 97, 2000, and 2007. I have developed a number of large technical applications in Excel VBA for use within the aerospace industry.

B.S. in Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, University of California, Berkeley.

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