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Fine Art/Salvador Dali respone of Question "EA"

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Question
I have the signed lito print from the Dali collections  of "Philosopher Illuminated by the Moon" and it has an EA on left bottom corner with Dali signature in right bottom corner. Do you think this is a forgery also?

Thank you for your time, Jodi Ryan

Answer
Dear Jodi,

Thank you for your question.  Again, I am NOT a professional authenticator or appraiser, so my remarks that certain works MAY be forgeries should not be taken as definite. I am basing my comments on Albert Field's 'Complete Graphic Works of Salvador Dali'; questions of authenticity should really be addressed to a professional appraiser, such as the Dali Archives in NYC, or Bernard Ewell in Santa Fe, NM.

I believe there is a good chance that your graphic is also a forgery.  This is not because of the 'EA' marking: many legitimate graphics are marked 'EA', which stands for 'epreuve d'artiste' #artist's proof# and means that the print was given to the artist or used to publicize the numbered edition.  The concern with "Philosopher Illuminated by the Moon" is that this is a graphic based on the 1939 painting, "Philosophy Illuminated by the Light of the Moon and the Setting Sun", and Dali very rarely made signed graphics based on his paintings.  There are a few exceptions, though I do not believe "Philosophy Illuminated by the Light of the Moon and the Setting Sun" is amongst them.  Further, the Field catalogue specifically describes a forged edition of this image produced by Gilbert Hamon.  

Sorry I do not have better news, and again, please keep in mind that this is only one possibility.  For more definite information, you may wish to contact a professional appraiser.

Kind regards,
Elliott

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Elliott H. King

Expertise

As a professional art historian, I can answer questions related to the art and life of Salvador Dalí. I am neither an art broker nor an appraiser, so I cannot answer questions regarding a work's value or authenticity; however, I can refer you to individuals who work in the Dali market.

Experience

I am an art historian specializing in Salvador Dalí. For over ten years, I have been a pioneer in the critical study of ‘Late Dalí’ (i.e., the artist's work after 1940). I have presented extensively on aspects of Dalí’s production at the Philadelphia Museum of Art, the Tate Modern, L’Université de Lausanne, Cerisy la Salle, the University of London, and Harvard University, and I have been a guest lecturer at Cambridge University and the University of Chicago. I have published several essays about Dalí in addition to my book, 'Dalí, Surrealism, and Cinema' (Kamera Books, 2007). I have also contributed to major international exhibitions of Dalí's work, including the Dalí Centenary Exhibition (2004-05) and 'Dalí & Film' (2007-08).

Publications
BOOKS "Dalí: The Late Work", High Museum of Art, Atlanta in association with Yale UP, 2010. "Dalí, Surrealism and Cinema", Kamera Books, Herts (UK), 2007. ESSAYS, ARTICLES AND CHAPTERS • “Little Black Dress, Little Red Book: Dalí, Mao, and Monarchy (with Special Attention to Trajan’s Glorious Testicles)”, in Michael R. Taylor (ed.), The Dalí Renaissance: New Perspectives on His Life and Art after 1940, Philadelphia Museum of Art, Philadelphia, 2008, pp. 90111. • “The Prodigious Story of the Lacemaker and the Rhinoceros”, in ibid, pp. 190204. • “Crazy Movies That Disappear”, in Matthew Gale (ed.), Dalí and Film, Tate Publishing, London / Museum of Modern Art, New York, 2007, pp. 214229. Published also in Spanish as "Dalí y el cine", Electa, Madrid, 2008. • “Le temps dalínien fait mouche: Réflexions sur les « montres molles »”, in Astrid Ruffa, Philippe Kaenel, Danielle Chaperon (eds.), "Salvador Dalí à la croisée des savoirs", Éditions Desjonquères, Paris, 2007, pp. 3752. • “Winged Fantasy with Lead Feet: The Influence of Llullism and Hiparxiologi on Dalí’s Mysticism”, in Hank Hine, William Jeffett and Kelly Reynolds (eds.), "Persistence & Memory: New Critical Perspectives on Dalí at the Centennial", Bompiani Arte, Milan, 2004, pp. 189193. EXHIBITION CATALOGUES: ENTRIES • Dawn Ades and Michael R. Taylor (eds.), "Dalí", Bompiani Arte, Milan, 2004. EXHIBITION CATALOGUES: BIBLIOGRAPHIES, FILMOGRAPHIES AND CHRONOLOGIES • “Dalí Filmography”, published in Matthew Gale (ed.), "Dalí and Film", op.cit., pp. 230231. • “A Cinematic Chronology of Dalí, 19411989”, in ibid, pp. 160163. • Compiled the most complete bibliography of Dalí resources todate, published in Dawn Ades and Michael R. Taylor (eds.), "Dalí", op.cit., pp. 568598.

Education/Credentials
Ph.D, Art History and Theory (2010) University of Essex, Colchester, England M.A. with Distinction in Dissertation, History of Art (2001) Courtauld Institute of Art, London, England B.A. summa cum laude, Art History (hons., Phi Beta Kappa) University of Denver, Denver, Colorado

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