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Football Instruction/College football clock operating Mechanics


Dear Vic:

Can you please direct me to an online site where I can read the proper mechanics on how to properly operate the clock during a college football game.

Thank you.

Go to this site which as the CCA Mechanics manual or the CCA Mechanic Manual pages 137-38  Appendix B

Below are my general notes I have for clock operators - these are notes i have put together from varous sources.
Equipment and Clock Check:
•   Digital Readout Time Game Clock and Play clock – Have the “exact time”
•   Back up stop watch, pencil/pen, game card
•   List of officials, way to communicate with officials

Obtain correct time from R/BJ/SJ

Standard time intervals:
•   Upon reaching the press box (90 minutes to start time) watch for Referee’s signal and identify your location to him by whatever means required to obtain his conformation.  
•   Test clock and horn - Verify using your digital watch. Make sure you know how to set X minutes and XX seconds using data entry keys on control box.
•   60 Minutes prior to Game Time - set Clock at 60 minutes - run to “ZERO”
Note:  If national anthem being performed, do not allow horn to sound.  May want to have clock adjust so that "0" reads 3 Min to KO. discuss with officials and game administrator
•   Put time necessary to have clock at “0”at Game Time
•   Set  Clock to 15 Minutes for NCAA, 12 Min for NFHS, 10 Min for lower Div. HS games and await kick-off
o   15 minutes – Quarter 1
o   15 minutes – Quarter 2

•   Half Time – 20 minutes on clock – Start clock on Referee signal
•   At 0:59 move time to "0" for NCAA; for High School at “0” - Immediately put 3 minutes on clock for Warm-up - Start Clock
•   Set  Clock to 15 Minutes for NCAA, 12 Minutes for NFHS, etc
o   15 minutes – Quarter 3
o   15 minutes – Quarter 4
Clock stops:          When:  
•   After Kicks          Official Signal or When Ball Becomes Dead
•   After Change of Possession   Official Signal or When Ball Becomes Dead
•   First Downs          Official Signal
•   Out-of-bounds          Official Signal or Obvious that Ball is Dead
•   Incomplete Passes         Official Signal or Obvious Ball Hits Ground
•   Team Time Outs         Official Signal
•   Official’s Time Out         Official Signal
•   After Scores/FG’s         Official Signal or Obvious Ball Crossed Goal

•   PAT Tries – Extra Points      Clock Does Not Run

When any official has stopped the clock the only official that signifies how the clock is to start is the Referee (with the exception of a free kick)
•   On the “Ready Signal” – Referee “Winds the Clock”
•   Otherwise - with the “SNAP” – Referee gives only “Ready Signal”

Clock Malfunctions
 Notify crew, discuss this in pre game with officials

•   Keep game time on  digital timing device
•   Talk to no-one but Ref/LJ/BJ/SJ – be prepared to provide time to LJ or BJ
•   At 4 Min. Mark – End of 2nd // 4th Qtr. - Stop Clock - advise BJ/SJ for T.O.  

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Victor Winnek


Serve as an Consultant and Expert Witness in Football Litigation Matters. Issues of liability arising from injuries, workers compensation, discrimination of officials, Player Safety, Standard of Care of players, coaches, officials. -Officiating: Instruction, Mechanics, application of rules and Philosophies; Setting up Instructional programs and clinics for: Officials, coaches and media. -Coaching and Playing Mechanics. -Liability Issues: (Legal & Insurance matters) arising from coaching, playing, refereeing, product liability; Player safety; Standard of Care for Officials, Coaches, Players, Assigners, Officiating associations, conferences, board of directors, subrogation matters, workers compensation matters. Consulting: -Media education -Officiating instruction, organization structure, qualifications and standards, -Coaches education -Film evaluation, analysis and grading -Insurance coverage, risks, liabilities, workers compensation, investigations, subrogation -Vocational feasibility for Coaches and Officials -Legal education, objective analysis, discovery plans, trial and cross examination prep, -Injury analysis, cause, prevention and involvement of officials coaches and players -Expert witness evaluation and testimony -Remedial measure to minimize future risks -Fact checking and analysis for authors and media -Disciplining officials and causes for discipline


Issues of liability arising from injuries, workers compensation, discrimination of officials, Player Safety, Standard of Care; Experience: I have been on a football field in one capacity or another for the past 4 decades as a player, coach, athletic trainer or official. I hail from 4 generations of college football players, coaches and or officials. I consult: in liability and workers compensation cases related to - football; mechanism of injury matters; whether causes of action exists for on field injuries; subrogation, standard of care & negligence claims. I consult on football safety issues involving players, coaches and officials. Independent Objective Analysis - 26 years officiating High School & College football, NCAA Referee, Umpire, Head Linesman, Back Judge, Field Judge, Side Judge & Line Judge - 2 years Arena Football-substitution official - 20 years Instructor of NCAA & Federation Officials - 12 years Instructional Consultant to CFOA Executive Council - Played prep and college football - 5 years Coach High School football and Athletic trainer - 26 years receiving instruction in Officiating: classes, camps, conferences & clinics - Fox NFL Command Center, analyst with Mike Pereira Officiating Experience: 26 years of Federation (All 5 Positions) 12 years NCAA Div. 1 FCS (6 Positions, primary positions Umpire, Line Judge) 16 years NCAA Div. III, NAIA (All 7 Positions) 22 years Jr. College (All 7 Positions) Camps & Clinics: West Coast Alliance Football Officials' Clinic (PAC 10, WAC, WCFOA, NIFOA) 2010 Hawaii Officials Aloha Clinic, 2009, 2010, 2012 Big 12 Mini Clinic, Colorado Springs 2007, 2008 Western Collegiate Football Officials Association Clinic – Clinician Line Judges 1999-2009 Reno Football Officials Camp 2000, 2002, 2003 Personal Touch Football Officials Camp 1995-1999

Affiliations: National Association of Sports Officials Big Sky Conference Great West Football Conference Southern California Intercollegiate Athletic Conference Western Collegiate Football Officials Association West Coast Alliance of Football Officials California Football Officials Association Southern California Collegiate Football Officials Association American Indoor Football League President – California Football Officials Association 2000-2002 President- CFOA South Bay Unit 1998-2002, Board of Directors 1991-2002; CFOA Long Beach Unit 2004-2011 Chairman Officiating Ethics Committee 1991-2011 Instructor: NCAA 1995-2003 & Federation 1992-Present Executive Council Instructional Consultant – CFOA

National Association of Sports Officials California Football Officials' Training Manuals Western Collegiate Football Officials Umpire Manual Western Collegiate Football Officials Line Judge/Head Linesman Manual

BA USC 1987
JD UWLA School of Law 1996

Awards and Honors
2012 Oregon Sports Hall of Fame - 1984 Linfield College Football Team, 1984 National Championship Football Team Post Season Honors 2011 NCAA Div. III Quarter-Final, Umpire 2010 NCAA Div. III Semi-Final, Umpire 2010 Southern California Community College Championship, Umpire 2010 CIF State Championship nominee, Umpire 2009 Southern California Community College Semi-Final, Umpire 2009 CIF Southern Section Championship, Umpire 2008 Southern California Community College Championship Umpire 2008 Southern California Community College Bowl, Umpire 2007 Southern California Community College Semi-Final, HL 2007 CIF State Championship Final Div. 1; CIF 2006 Southern California Community College Championship LJ 2005 Pioneer Football League Championship NCAA Div. 1AA LJ 10 Junior college Bowl Games 8 CIF Southern Section Finals & CIF Play-offs (1st, 2nd and 3rd Rounds) 1989-2010

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